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-   tamam  - [tamam]

{*},   s.   a rope, a string,   ; 2. A flower,   ; 3. a wreath, a chaplet,;; 4. A necklace of beads; 5. A woman's waist ornament consisting of 16 or 18 zones of beads; 6. a house, a dwelling, 7. Light, lustre, radiance, ; 8. Body, ? , 9. Transmigration, birth,   ? , 1. A city, a town, ; 11. a mountain,   ; 12. Ornaments of a crown,   ; 13. Health, gratification, ; 14. The   , tree, cassia.   , the Sun.

{*},   s.   a rope, a string,   kayiru; 2. A flower,   pu; 3. A wreath, a chaplet, pumalai; 4. A necklace of beads; 5. A woman's waist ornament consisting of 16 or 18 zones of beads; 6. A house, a dwelling, 7. Light, lustre, radiance,   oli; 8. Body,   utal, 9. Transmigration, birth,   pirappu, 1. A city, a town,   nakaram; 11. A mountain,   malai; 12. Ornaments of a crown,   muti yuruppu; 13. Health.  



  Thamirabarani River   (also spelt   Tamaraparani ,   Tamiraparani , or   Thamiravaruni ) originates from the famous Agastyarkoodam peak in the hills of the   Western Ghats   above Papanasam in the   Ambasamudram   taluk and flows through Tirunelveli   &   Tuticorin   districts of the   Tamil Nadu   state of southern   India . It was called the   Tamraparni   River in olden days and it is also associated with   Sri Lanka . The old Tamil name of the river is   Porunai . From the source to sea, the total length of the river is about 125 km.

The Thamirabarani contains traces of   copper , hence its name ( Thamiram   means copper in   Tamil ). The copper content gives it a distinct reddish shade. The river has also been historically known as   Porunai . Thamaraparani in Tamil is   Than Marantha Para Nir   means the river which spreads forgetting itself.

The meaning and origin of the name Tamiraparani is reasoned out differently. Bishop R. Caldwell, in his book   A History of Tinnevelly , discussed the interpretations of the word ‘Tamiraparani' at length. According to him the meaning of the name in itself is sufficiently clear, but its application in this connection is far from self-evident. Tamara means red, parani means parana: a tree that has leaves. Tamiraparani might, therefore, mean a tree with red leaves. But this is a strange derivation for the name of a river. Ideas naturally suggest that some events or legends capable of explaining the name lie beyond. He further discussed the similarity of the name Tamiraparani and of the old name of the Sri Lanka — which was called in olden days as Tambrabane — and tried to find out the political, cultural and anthropological intercourse of the land of the river with that island. He concludes that it seems more natural that Tamiraparani, the tree with the red leaves should have been first the name of a tree, then of a town, then of a district and then of a river (it being not uncommon in India for villages to adopt their names from remarkable trees).

Some scholars interpret the name Tamiraparani as Tamiram (copper) and Varuni (stream or river). They ascribe this origin as the bed of the river is of red soil; when the water flows on the red soil it gives a copper-like appearance. The Greeks of the Ptolemy's time refer to this river as   Solen .



‘Than marantha para nir ‘is not the meaning of Taamirabarani. Thamiraparani is the combination of Tha + Maa+ Ra+[Thama orai ] Ba + Ra + ani[andam or Ankh ].


‘Kaamalai' Kan means jaundiced eyes in Tamil. Here Ka+maa+ la denotes yellow colored sun light. Particulary in the evening.


Kamala flower [the queen of night] of the Himalayas is the combination of Kaa+ maa+a. It is called also as Brahmma kamalam. The word Brahman or Brahma is nothing but the corrupted Tamil word Pa+ ra +maa+an. Ie. Paraman. ‘Pramondam ‘ , the word signifies Pa+ ra+ ma + andam .Andam means , the cosmos.


The name Brahmin is purely a Draviadian name which means ‘ a noble person'. Brahamanan is the combination of Ba + Ra+ Maa + an .An signifies the andam. The Brahmins never or ever had understood these concepts call themselves as Brahmin is ridiculus. .



One who says that I know Brahman does not know; one who knows the Truth says that I do not know. Brahman is the unknown to a person of true knowledge, it is known only to the ignorant   ---Ken Upanishad 2.01-03



                    In Sanskrit the meaning of a word is based on the verbal root from which the word is derived.    The word “Brahman” (also spelled as “Brahma”) is a noun derived from the verbal root “Briha” which means to become big.    Thus the noun Brahman derived from the verbal root “Briha” means “bigness”


Brahmin   (also called   Brahmana ; from the   Sanskrit   brahma?a is a term in the traditional   Hindu societies   of   Nepal   and   India .

Brahman , Brahmin, and Brahma have different meanings. Brahman refers to the Supreme Self. Brahmin (or Brahmana) refers to an individual, while the word   Brahma   refers to the creative aspect of the universal consciousness.  


Akam, Puram and mukam of Tamil;

The Tamil word Akam is the combination of A+ ka which means the great , old and primordial god ka is their soul. Akam means the mind [internal world] in Tamil. Aakkam in Tamil means' to create'. Puram means outer or external world in Tamil. Puram signfies that all things other than ka i.e. Pira is not important to the mind and life of Dravidian. Puram could be the corrupted form of the word param [param porul] or Ba' ram [Ba+ ra]. The Ba is secondary to the Dravidians' interests. Akam signifies the spiritual [ka] life and the puram signifies the material [ba] life. Pura nagar means under developed areas[less important] of the city. Mukam [face] is the corrupted Tamil name Maa ka -- the sun. Dravidian equates the face to the radiant sun.



MERODACH-BALADAN   Ma rduk-ap-la-iddin; "Marduk has given a son"), Babylonian king (722–710   B.C.E.). Assyrian inscriptions place the origin of Merodach-Baladan in the land of Bît-Iakin, a Chaldean kingdom near the coast of the Persian Gulf ("Sealands"). This is more probable than Merodach-Baladan's claim that he was the son and legal heir of the Babylonian king Eriba-Marduk. In 731   B.C.E., Ukin-zer of Bît Amukkani, a Chaldean, wrested the kingship of Babylonia from the pro-Assyrian king Nabunadin-zer. Merodach-Baladan, who also had designs on the kingship, supported the Assyrian king Tiglath-Pileser   III, against Ukin-zer. He was thus able to strengthen his position among the Chaldean tribes, increase his influence in Babylonia, and forge an alliance with Elam, without interference from Tiglath-Pileser   III   or Shalmaneser   V, both of whom exercised sovereignty over Babylonia (729–722   B.C.E.)


With the death of Shalmaneser   V, Merodach-Baladan seized the Babylonian throne (722/721   B.C.E.). This marked the beginning of violent struggles between Merodach-Baladan and the Assyrians. By 720, Sargon   II   was preparing for war against Merodach-Baladan, who had the support of the Elamites. Conflicting reports have been preserved of this battle, which took place in the plain of Dêr, east of the Tigris. Merodach-Baladan ruled Babylonia until 710, when, through neglect and economic exploitation, he incurred the enmity of the native Babylonian population in the large urban centers which had been loyal to him, although he enjoyed the support of the Chaldean and Babylonian tribes which were largely concentrated in the southern part of the country.


Merodach-Baladan is praised for honoring his father. He added his father's name Baladan to his own when acting as regent during the incapacity of his father, and signed documents in the name of both his father and himself (Sanh. 96a). When told that the sun had reversed its course on the day that Hezekiah miraculously recovered from his illness, he acknowledged the superiority of God, though previously he had been a sun worshiper. He thereupon addressed a letter to Hezekiah the original introduction of which was "Peace to Hezekiah, Peace to the God of Hezekiah, and Peace to Jerusalem." Realizing, however, that he had been disrespectful in not placing God first, he took steps and recalled his messengers in order to change the wording. As a reward he was told: "You took three steps for the honor of my name … I will therefore raise up from thee three kings [Nebuchadnezzar, Evil-Merodach, and Belshazzar], who shall rule from one end of the world to the other" (Est. R. 3:1).



Marduk --Baladan or Merodach Baladan is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Ba la ka[n] Ma ra ka [n][Lord Murugan] Look at the Ba la ka and the Maa ra and the ka in the name.




Marduk, sun god of Babylon, with his thunderbolts pursues   Anzu   after Anzu stole the   Tablets of Destiny .



Marduk   ( Sumerian   spelling in   Akkadian : AMAR.UTU   ?? ??   "solar calf"; perhaps from MERI.DUG;   Biblical Hebrew   ????????   Merodach ;   Greek ?a?d??a???   Mardochaios ) was the   Babylonian   name of a late-generation god from ancient   Mesopotamia   and   patron deity   of the city of Babylon , who, when Babylon became the political center of the   Euphrates   valley in the time of   Hammurabi   ( 18th century BCE ), started to slowly rise to the position of the head of the Babylonian pantheon, a position he fully acquired by the second half of the second millennium BCE.



According to   The Encyclopedia of Religion , the name   Marduk   was probably pronounced   Marutuk . The etymology of the name   Marduk   is conjectured as derived from   amar-Utu   ("bull calf of the sun god Utu"). The origin of Marduk's name may reflect an earlier genealogy, or have had cultural ties to the ancient city of   Sippar   (whose god was   Utu , the sun god), dating back to the third millennium BCE.



In the perfected system of astrology, the   planet Jupiter   was associated with Marduk by the Hammurabi period. [


Babylonian god Marduk is the Dravidian god Ma ra ka --Muraka--Muruka --Murukan, son of Lord Siva. Utu could mean the Udu -kai of Lord Siva. Udu ka I is the Siva'a drum like hour glass which detemines the day and night.


Lord Murugan ;


The Dravidian sun god Murugan is the corrupted form of the original word Maa Ra ka--- Maa Aran ka. Arumukam, another name of Murugan is the combination of Aa +Ra+Maa+Ka.Ah means old and great. Muruganis called as Alagan [handsome boy] in Tamil. The word alagan has the la and ka in it. The abode of Murugan, Palani is the combination of Pa + la. One who possess the palam - Gnanapalam is the ruler of Pa+ la . How can Pillaiyar is eligible to get that Gnanapalam? His wife Valli of kurhunchi was actually vidi Velli [morning star] of the sky. His 2nd wife Daiwanai is nothing but ‘Thee aanaval [fire goddess]. Murugan is called as Thandayathabani which means' the holder of the thandam ‘--‘ the vel ‘ or the ‘ sun ray ‘ or the' obelisk' which makes a huge noise when it hits his enemy which is called as thunder. The word thunder has originated from Tamil which means the noise of the thandam [am has changed to er].


The word Marutham is the combination of Maa + Ra + [a] thavam. Similarly the word Maruthan [Maa+ .Ra+ Athavan]. Kurunji is the combination of Ka+ Ra +vanchi. Vanchi means land or the vanchi flower in Tamil Hence kurunchi means the land of Ka+ Ra the sun god. The word Kuravan is the combination of Ka[u]+ Ra +van . The word Kuraungu is the combination of Ka[u]+ Ra+ Ankhu. Hence Kurungu which means monkey in Tamil is always associated with lord Siva and the word Kuravan means Siva or the sun god and it does not mean the gypsy . Kurathi means Ka+ ra+Athi. Athi is a kind of flower The kuravan and kurathi malai of Idukki district does not mean the mountain of the gypsy. The word Palai [land] is the combination of pa + la.[ Palai --Pal[milk][, Pul[teeth] are related words denoting white] The name of the land Mullai is the combination of Maa+ la. The African land Maali is a related word. The name of the land Neithal is the combination of nal+ Athee - --Nal+ Aa+ thee------Nal+ aaithal--Nei thal. Neithal is also the name of a flower.




Akh or Akhu;


Akh ; [Akhu orkhu] The   Akh   ( meaning '(magically) effective one')   was a concept of the dead that varied over the long history of ancient Egyptian belief.Following the death of the Khat, the Ba and Ka were reunited to reanimate the Akh.   The reanimation of the Akh was only possible if the proper funeral rites were executed and followed by constant offerings. The ritual was termed: se-akh 'to make (a dead person) into an (living) akh. The The separation of Akh and the unification of Ka and Ba were brought about after death by having the proper offerings made and knowing the proper, efficacious spell, but there was an attendant risk of dying again. One become an Akh through a ritual appropriately titled, “cause one to become an Akh”. The ritual was termed: se-akh 'to make (a dead person) into an (living) akh.' The ritual was performed by a priest called the Akh seeker - “ skhen -akh” Egyptian funerary literature (such as the   Coffin Texts   and the Book of the Dead ) were intended to aid the deceased in "not dying a second time" and becoming an   akh . In Egyptian hieroglyphics Akh is represented as the Ibis bird. [AKHU= AA+ KA]---Giving ka -life to the dead person] .


Khat [Kha]; the physical form, the body that could decay after death, the mortal, outward part of the human that could only be preserved by mummification.


The word ‘Khat' is phonetically similar to the Tamil word Kathhu or Katru. Here kathu means the ‘moochu kathhu ‘- breath of air ‘of a person. If the kathhu from the lungs goes away, the person will be dead.


The word Akh is the corrupted form of the Tamil word Aaku which means ‘ to make' or' to create'. Hence the term akh is a verb. ‘Akhuthal ‘ is a noun in Tamil Here akh denotes the act of making a a dead person in to a live person. In Tamil. There are several words related to Aaku; For example; Vaaku[statement] Undakku[to make] , usirakku[ to give life] , Vuruvakku [ to create], karu vakku [ to impregnate] , [ seerakku [ to make better] Naerakku[to make it straight] . ‘Aakkam ‘means to produce and aakkiyon means the creator or the producer or the maker or the god or the writer.

As we saw earlier , the ritual of making a dead person in to a living person , ie making a ‘ se- akh' person in to a ‘ akh' person is done by the prist. Well! The sick person in the dying bed in Tamil is called Seakali --se + akh+ li and his dreaded illness is calles as ‘se-aku .'

The term;' Aaka ‘ma' rules of Saivasm or Hinduism is exactly equivalent to the Egyptian word akh.[the scriptures written by ancestors]

. Agama   meaning   "to go"   and the preposition ( aa) meaning   "toward"   and refers to scriptures "that which has come down"   It also means "a traditional doctrine, or system which commands faith" [ The Agamas are a collection of Sanskrit,   Tamil and Grantha   scriptures chiefly constituting the methods of temple construction and creation of idols, worship means of deities, ssphilosophical doctrines, meditative practices, attainment of six fold desires and four kinds of yoga. [ The Agamas are non-Vedic in origin  and have been dated either as post-vedic texts  or as pre-vedic compositions.   In the   Malay language   the word Agama literally means 'religion.



The priest or the akh seeker was called as ‘skhen-akh' which is very similar to the Tamil word Aakhan or Aakh kiyon which means the giver of life. There is a Tamil letter called Akh [ Akh enna]. It is the last letter of ooyir yezhuthu. Writing the akh letter in front of or in between the words helps to make certain phonetic sounds which routinely cannot be pronounced in Tamil language. For example; Freud , Nilofer, Nefer, Bakrudheen etc.


It is very much suggestible that the ‘ Aakama' of ancient religion of Dravidians was part of the' book of the dead ‘ of Egyptian.



Khat [apparel]; the khat was a head cloth worn by the nobility of ancient Egypt. Simpler than the' nemes' head dress, it did not have pleats or stripes and hung down open in the back rather than being tied together.


The name Khat [ scarf ] worn by the ancient Egyptians to protect the head and hair from the stormy wind of the desert sand is similar to the Tamil word ‘ kathhu' which means the wind per se.



‘Paanai uri' or ‘Raja Simman'?!

  A broken storage jar with inscriptions in Tamil Brahmi script has been excavated at Quseir-al-Qadim, an ancient port with a Roman settlement on the Red Sea coast of Egypt. This Tamil Brahmi script has been dated to first century B.C. One expert described this as an “exciting discovery.”The same inscription is incised twice on the opposite sides of the jar. The inscription reads   paanai oRi , that is, pot (suspended) in a rope net.

According to Mr. Mahadevan, the inscription is quite legible and reads:   paanai oRi , that is, ‘pot (suspended in) a rope net.' The Tamil word   uRi , which means rope network to suspend pots has the cognate   oRi   in Parji, a central Dravidian language, Mr. Mahadevan said. Still nearer, Kannada has   oTTi , probably from an earlier   oRRi   with the same meaning.

The word occurring in the pottery inscription found at Quseir-al-Qadim can also be read as   o(R) Ri   as Tamil Brahmi inscriptions generally avoid doubling of consonant.


From lion-goddess to cat-goddess;

From the third millennium BC, when Bastet begins to appear, she is depicted as either a fierce lioness or a woman with the head of a lion  . Originally she was viewed as the protector goddess of   Lower Egypt . As protector, she was seen as defender of the   pharaoh , and consequently of the later chief male deity,   Ra , who was also a solar deity, gaining her the titles   Lady of Flame   and   Eye of Ra .Her role in the   Egyptian pantheon   became diminished as  Sekhmet , a similar lioness war deity, became more dominant in the unified culture of Lower and   Upper Egypt .

In the first millennium BC, when domesticated cats were popularly kept as pets, Bastet began to be represented as a woman with the head of a cat and ultimately emerged as the Egyptian cat-goddess   par excellence .   In the   Middle Kingdom , the domestic cat appeared as Bastet's sacred animal and after the New Kingdom she was depicted as a woman with the head of a cat or a lioness, carrying a sacred rattle and a box or basket. Many pharaohs used to have Bastet in their names.

If we take ‘ Ori] as the right interpretation , instead of Uri, the inscription would be read as “Poonai OrI” where poonai means cat in Tamil. Here it denotes the big cat namely the lion and the inscription ‘ poonai ori ‘ has to be read as ‘ lion Ori ‘ or ‘ Simma Raj ‘ or ‘ Raja Simman'. A Tamil king by name Raja simman should have sent the Jar to Egypt from ancient Tamilagam.



Sitre . Sitre means daughter of Re. The mid day sun is called as ‘Re ‘in ancient Egypt.

The name Sitre is phonetically similar to the Tamil month Sithirai or [also the proper name of the Tamilian girls], Chithra. In lunar religious calendars, Chithra begins with the new moon in March/April and is the first month of the year. The first of Chithra – is celebrated as New Year's Day, known as Gudi Padwa [   in   Maharashtra , Chaitrai Vishu or Puthandu in   Tamil Nadu   and   Ugad   in   Karnataka   and   Andhra Pradesh . Chithra is considered to be a very auspicious month in which the   creation   of the universe was started. Sthri, Sri , Thiri and Thiru are related words.



Kheperi; Morning sun-- The god of Resurrection.



Kheperi is actually the corrupted form of the Tamil word, Ko perum ORI. It means Rajathi Raja or Chakkravarthi or Maha Raja or the Great king or the kings of Kings. In astronomical sense it is the perum ori, the sun Most of the crown names of the Pharaohs had the title name the KO Perum Ori. There was one Ori in ancient Tamil Nadu by the name val vil Ori [ best archer].


Khafre[Chephren ]c 2558-2532 Dynasty 4-is actually the corrupted Tamil name Ko perum Ori or ko Perum Oriyan . Perum means great in Tamil.

Hence Ko Perum ori means ‘The great god- king'.

Kuppu Sami is the combination of Ka+ pa - Sa+ Ma. Ka + ba are the union of Male and female, symbolically. The word Kuppu would have the root word for Cupid. ‘Kuppra padu ‘is the related word. Sami is opposite of Boomi.



There is one phrase in Tamil ‘ongoppurana sathiyam' [ I promise/swear in the name of your ‘ Kopuuran' ]. Ungopurana is the corrupted form of the Tamilword UN [your] ---- Ka Peru oraiyan. ‘Un gopurana sathiyam means ‘ I swear in the name of god, the sun god. Kopuran[a] is nothing but the paharaoh Chephren‘s name in Tamil form. ‘Kopurana sathiyam' means swearing in the name of the king.


‘Kopprai thaengai'-; -- -Kopparai one variety --of coconut got the name because of the shape and color of the sun.


The ancient Tamil nadu king's names were similar to the ancient Pharaoh's names. Examples are given below.


- Cholan Porvai ko peru nar killi - The name of the ancient Tamil Nadu king's name is th corrupt form of the original name king, Pharoah orPeru - orai --ko or ka --peru nar killi.

are other ancient kings who had the title Ko perum Ori like that of Egyptian pharaoh Khafre or chephren.




Pepi 1 [Meryre] c 2321-2287] Dynasty 6- the Tamil name is Ma Ari Ori. [Ma Aran Ori]. Aran denotes the Aravan in Tamil. Aravan is the snake god Hence Meryre means the great king Aravan [also denotes sun god] in Tamil .Alternatively if we read as Ari Ma+ ari = Ari Ma in Tamil which denotes Lion . Hence the name suggests Ori, the lion ie. King the lion ie. Raja Simman in Tamil.


Ma Ori is the sun. The Tamil word ‘marith'al' means to die. That means the soul of the dead person reaching the sky and uniting with the Ma Ori, the sun, Lord Siva. Mari is the sheep in Tamil. Since it was sacrificed to the Lord Siva [Ma Ori] from the beginning and also his favorite object of sacrifice, the sheep came to be called as Mari in Tamil. The name ‘Mary came from this Tamil word Mari which signifies the sheep, the object of sacrifice.


Semenkare-- Dynasty 13--[c1782-1650] ---Intermediate period; the Tamil name is Ceyu Ammon KO Ori. Ceyu means Child or baby or infant in Tamil. Hence Semenkare means the child of Ammon [sun], the god -king.


Marikare--Mary - ka- re[beloved is the soul of Re ] ---- The Tamil name is Maa Ari ko Ori.


Ankare-- Dynasty14 [c1750-1650BCE] --- The Tamil name is Ankh KO Ori. The common form of this name is called in present day Tamil Nadu is Anku Raj. Anku is the Tamil Lingu [lingam].The other equivalent Tamil name is Lingu samy.


Neb maatre --2 nd intermediate period - . [1750-1570BCE]. The Tamil form is Nambi Maa Aathi Ori. Aathi means the first or ancient or eldest or

primordial in Tamil. Nambi means great scholar in Tamil. Hence the meaning of the name is the ‘Great scholar Maa Athi Ori.'



Khomure------ The Tamil form of this name is -Ko Maa Ori. Maa is big or great in Tamil Hence the name suggests great god -king. KO is god and Ori is King in Tamil.


Semenenre--------- the Tamil form of the name is Sem Mani Ori. SEM means red in Tamil Hence the name suggests the evening sun.



Menkaure [Mycerinus] dynasty 4--2532-2504 BCE--[Eternal like the soul of Re]--The Tamil form of this name is Mun KO Ori. Mun means earth in Tamil. Hence the name suggests the god [KO] king [ori] of the earth.


Sahure --Dynasty 5-c 2491-2477BCE-Sahure--He who is close to Re] -The Tamil name is Saha Ori. Saha is close or equal or friend [sahaa] in Tamil. Hence Sahure means the close friend of Re.



Ankhesenmerire [her life is of the beloved of Re]. The Tamil form is Anka Naesan [or eesan- the god] Ma Ari Ori. Naesan means beloved in Tamil.



Ankesenre [Her life is of Re].The Tamil form is Anka Naesan Ori. Ank[a] is the Angam in Tamil which denotes body parts and exclusively the birth parts or the genital parts.


Ori { } of Tamil Nadu.

The name of the Sangam period Tamil king Ori has it's root from Orai [star] as that of Egyptian Pharaohs' names Marikare and Ankare etc.


The Sangam period king Pari‘s name is the corrupted form of the original word Peru ori. ‘Peru' means great in Tamil.

' Is the name of ancient Tamil king . is the right Tamil word for the Egyptian king, Pharaoh. - Palaiyan has the' p[b]a' and ‘ la' in its name.

--Pithan kotran ; The ancient Tamil king's name name Pittan kotran is the corrupted form of the original Tamil word Pithan -- Ko Aran. Pithan is the root word for the Egyptian god Ptah.The word Pitha [Sanskrit] means father or guardian or ancestor.




? [ Poraiyan] ;

The name of the king Poraiyan is the corrupt form of the name'Peru Oraiyan'

; Peru orai



' The name of the Tamil king Aaditha Karikalan is the corrupted form of the original Tamil name -- Aadthi - Thee- ka [ O] ri - Ka- la . Look at the ka and the la in the name. Aadthi means primordial fire.


[Ka ori ka la Cholan] ;

; Cheraman Ma ori ven ko [ka] was another king in ancient Tamil Nadu who had the title ori in his name. Ven means white [sun light] in Tamil. Vel , velli , Veyil, venthan , vendha [ boiled ] vaenal summer] are related Tamil words.


Kari i-


When we say Kari i.e. Ka + ORI, in Tamil it has got several other meanings. From the word Kari only the words Kari [coal], karan --vaelai karan came in to vogue. Vaelai karan means lord Murugan. But then Vaelai karan signifies ‘servant' in present day Tamil Nadu. What is the reason for that?


In the name of the king Paegan , there are the ‘pa' an d the' ka'.



Maaran kari was called as Paranthkan [note the pa and the ka---peru anthakan] Mooventhan Mangala peraraiyan. The word ‘Peraraiyan' is the original word for Egyptian word Pharaoh.




The   Ankh known as   key of life ,   the key of the Nile   or   crux ansata   (Latin meaning "cross with a handle"), was the ancient   Egyptian hieroglyphic   character that read "life". It represents the concept of eternal life, which is the general meaning of the symbol. The   Egyptian gods   are often portrayed carrying it by its loop, or bearing one in each hand, arms crossed over their chest.


T he origin of ankh is highly debated and it is represented by an oval or point-down teardrop set atop a T shape. Though lacking actual evidence, one of the commonly repeated explanations is that it is a union of a female symbol (the oval, representing the vagina or uterus) with a male symbol (the phallic upright line).


•  Ankhesanamen--------Her life is of Amun.

•  Ankhesenaten. --------------Her life is of Aten.

•  Ankhesenpaaten------Her life is of the Aten.

•  Ankhesenmerire------Her life is of the beloved of Re.

•  Ankhesenre------------------Her life is of Re.

The Tamil names of the above said Egyptian names are,

Ankha nesan Amman.

Anka nesna Athavan.

Ankha nesan Pa Aaathavan.

Ankha nesan Maa ori.

Ankha nesa Ori.


Ra -sha-ankh---- An early Egyptian king.[Anku Rasu]

Ra-s-and-kh-ka- 11 th dynasty Egyptian monarch. [The word Rasa is purely a Dravidian name].

Maresankh------She loves life. [Maa ori sanku]

The ankh is nothing but the Tamil word called Ankam[ankh+ ka] which means parts of the body and specifically the genital parts. For example; Anku Raj, Ankavai and Ankalamman are proper names that are in vogue in TamilNadu. Ankh had been called as Lin[k]ga during the later periods in ancient India. The name Anku Raj represents Lord Siva. Ankavai was the daughter of Paari, one of the seven kadai yelu vallal. Ankalamman is the goddess still worshipped in by Dravidians. Angalamman or Ankalamman means the' ruler of the Ankam' the genital part which gives life. Hence she is the' giver of life' . if she is not appeased she might take the life of people[refer--mayana kollai]. The ankh represents both the yoni as well as the lingam. The [S]angu or the ankh signifies the yoni only while the lingam represents the phallus only. The root word for ankh could be from sangu--the conch or the cowry shell which represents the female genitals. But then Siva is also called as Angu raj. A popular name of women in rural Tamil Nadu is Anka'ye.



Angalaamman   is a name given to the   Tamil   village deity, Angala Parameshwari. Like so many popular   Tamil   deities, she seems to have originated in a fierce guardian figure. In the rituals dedicated to her, she is appeased with blood. Ankalamma's shrines are usually located outside of the village in groves of trees. They are usually not proper temples, but very simple stone structures. She is considered one of the fiercest forms of the mother Goddess Amman, and is worshipped by the Indians, especially by the South Indians.

Ankha la Amman= Ankh+ la + amun


Ank[g]alamman cult   is notable for its association with rituals carried out in   cemeteries   and   burning grounds , which incorporate a colorful ritual object called a   kapparai . The kapparai, which is often decorated with the faces of deities, is typically carried in procession to a cemetery/burning ground, where a ceremony called the "mayana kollai" is carried out. During the ‘ mayana kollai', priests and sometimes other participants may eat ashes and bone fragments found at the burning ground, although the precise nature of this ritual varies widely from one temple to the next. Ankalaparamesuvari may also be associated with other cemetery deities like Irulappan .



 P anchangam   ( Tamil :   ?????????? ) is a   Hindu   astrological   almanac , which follows traditional Indian   cosmology , and presents important astronomical data in tabulated form. . Panchanga” means the Day, Nakshatra (Star), Thithi, Yoga and Karana every day. It is a mirror of the sky. The document used as Panchangam has evolved over the last 5000 years.

In astrological sense panch - ankam means five attributes of the day. The Gowri of Gowri- Panchakam is the combination of Ka+ Re [Ori].

It seems the prediction of the position or the status of the Pancha --ankham of the universe [bootham] should be called as Pancha ankam.


The pancha bootham or the five ankham of the universe are;


1. Water ------------------------------Egyptian ‘Ankh] --- [life-giving, genitals, Semen, breast, milk , water, [Nile] river, cattle etc.]

2. Land-----------------------------------Egyptian ‘Ba'---- [earth, under world [pa- thalam], lower world, sea, chillness etc.]

3. Fire----------------------------------- Egyptian ‘Ra'------- [Sun God]

4. Air-------------------------------------Egyptian ‘khat ‘ [Ka + at meaning body] Katru or' Kathu' in Tamil. The body is called ‘Katru adaitha pai' [bag of air] in Tamil. Katru also means breath in Tamil.

5. Space. ---------------------------------Egyptian ‘ Ka ‘ - space , black sky , height, upper world , sun , heat , bull , great, king, Godetc.]

. Mamankam festival   or   Mamangam festival   ( Malayalam : ??????? ????????) was a month long ancient festival celebrated at Thirunavaya , Malabar coast, south India, in the present day state of Kerala from the time of Kulasekharas (Cheras) in every 12 years, mostly remembered . Mamankam festival was a great trade fair from the Sangam period where traders from around the world came through Ponnani Port by ships and barges.


Mamankam is the combination of Maa+ma+ ankam [Maa= maa athee; ma= big', Ankam=ankh]. It means the time taken for a girl to become ‘mature' i.e 12 years. [Fully developed genital parts and big breasts].



Ankam means war in Malayalam language. Ankam - Types of Ankams. One fought by Ankachekavar - the person who is fights for the ruler. Few centures back in Kerala, south India, if there was a quarrel between the local rulers, its finally solved by fixing an Ankam, usually a dual fighting in which one person will die. Each ruler will be represented by an Ankachekavar. The ruler of the Ankachekavar who wins the fight is considered as a winner .


AnkaKalari is a Malayalam word meaning - the arena where an Ankam (dual fighting) is performed. The Ankathattu (a platform constructed temporarily for the purpose of fighting duels) will be in the center of the ground from where all peoples can watch the fight. This place altogether is called an AnkaKalari .

Ankathattu is a Malayalam word meaning - a platform constructed temporarily for the purpose of fighting duels. It is a four to six feet high platform constructed in Kerala, south India. Ankam means war in Malayalam language. This platform will be constructed as per the tradition and will be in the center of the ground from where all peoples can watch the fight. This place altogether is called AnkaKalari

Ankachekavar is a word in Malayalam language which means - the person who is fighting for the ruler. Few centures back in Kerala, south India, if there was a quarrel between the local rulers, it's finally solved by fixing an Ankam (war), usually a duel in which one fighter dies. Each ruler will be represented by an Ankachekavar. The ruler of the Ankachekavar who wins the fight is considered as a winner.


Kalangarai vilakkam means light house on the sea shore. Kalankarai is the combination of Ka + la+ Ankh + Orai. Kalan in Tamil means vessel.

Sangu river of Bangaldesh;


Sangu River originates in the Arakan Hills of Myanmar and enters Bangladesh near Remarki (Thanchi upazila of Bandarban district). It flows north through Thanchi, Rowangchhari and Bandarban upazilas of Bandarban district. Then it flows west through Satkania and Banshkhali upazilas of Chittagong district to meet the Bay of Bengal near Khankhanabad (Chittagong). The length of the river is 295 km.


Sangu River is the combination of Sa+ ankh. In India also as in Egypt, Ankh is associted with river. Arakan hills is the combination of Aa+ ra+ ka+an.


Anka lachanam means good, prominent and beautiful parts [structure] of the body structure [possessed by a girl].


Pangu in Tamil means ‘share' which denotes sharing the Ba + Ankh namely the lands.

[Kadal] Ponguthu -verb; [Thai[ Pongal --Noun; Ba + ankh= Pongu which means to raise ; For example ‘ Kadal Ponghthu ‘ means sea waves raising steeply .


The   Vedanga   ( “ limbs of the Veda") are six auxiliary disciplines traditionally associated with the study and understanding of the   Vedas .' Vedas' is the corrupted form of the Tamil word Vai + thee


Anka Pradhaksina is rolling over the floor, round the temple by the devotee as a vow.


Ankayar kanni is a proper name for females in Tamil Nadu. The meaning of the name is “virgin Queen” or unmarried female.


Anga asaivu means indecent “shakes “of the body by a dancer.


Anga sasthiram and Anga jothidam are predictions of the future/character by co relating with one's body parts and also predicting the compatibility [including sex] of the couple.


Anga   was a kingdom that flourished on the eastern   Indian subcontinent   in the 6th century BCE until taken over by   Magadha   in the same century.

Ramayana   (1.23.14) narrates the origin of name   Anga   as the place where Kamadeva [cupid] was burnt to death by Siva and where his body parts( angas ) are scattered.


“Angalaaithan” , in Tamil means “He is worried “. Here Anka signifies the painful heart.


Saranga pani [Sa+ ra+ ankh] and parangusam [ba+ ra+ ankh] are proper names in Tamil Nadu. Sankara Raman is aproper name. Arasankam in Tamil means government. Sankili [sa+ anka+ la] is the name of lord Siva. [Tamil‘] Sankam is the combination of Sa+ anka+am. Aathangam in Tamil means brooding. Kangu [ ka+ anku] in Tamil means the burning hot- fire wood.

‘Ankae -inkae thodathae' means do not touch here [breast] and there [genital parts].

Sangu also means the heart. Sadanku - sankiyam are words in Tamil which mean rituals.


Nankai -= Nal+ ankhai= Nangai[ good female]; Mangai= Ma+ Ankhai[beautiful woman]; Nal means good ; Ma neans big in Tamil.; Thangai= Tham+ ankhai [my sister is my life] Anka vasthiram means dress material to cover the ankam specially the private parts. Sarankhan is a proper name.



River Ganga ; [ka+ ankh] King Bhagirath who once meditated before Lord Brahma for a thousand years for the salvation of the souls of his ancestors. Pleased with his devotion Brahma granted him a wish. He requested the Lord to send the river Ganges down to earth from heaven so that she could flow over his ancestors' ashes and wash their curse away and allow them to go to heaven.

Brahma granted his wish but asked him to pray to Shiva, for he alone could support the weight of her descent. Accordingly he prayed to Shiva and he allowed the Ganges to descend on his head, and after meandering through his thick matted locks, the holy river reached the earth.


Gangotri, the origin of the   River Ganges   and seat of the goddess   Ganga , is one of the four sites in the   Char Dham   pilgrimage circuit. The river is called   Bhagirathi   at the source and acquires the name   Ganga   (the Ganges) from   Devprayag   onwards where it meets the   Alaknanda . The origin of the holy river is at   Gaumukh , set in the Gangotri Glacier , and is a 19 km trek from Gangotri.


Gaumukh , source of the Ganges above Gangotri

Kongai means breast in Tamil; Ka+ Ankai or Ka + ankh. The name of the River Gangai is nothing but the corrupted form of the Tamil word Ko= ankai i.e the milk[water] from the breast of the Ko ankai i.e. the breast of the spouse of Ka The ka is the sun god Lord Siva and the angai is kali.[There is one proper name called ankayar kanni in Tamil ] Hence the water of the ganges is nothing but the breast milk of Kali..


The name Gangothri is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Kongai + Aathrai[ Dravidian re has changed in to Sthree[for women] in Sanskrit'--sree for men in Sanskrit The Thiru of Dravidian came from aa thrai] Look at the Ba and the ka in the name Bagirathi. Bagitrathi is the corrupted form of the Tamil word Ba+ ka+Aathirai [rathi= Ra adthi] Alaknanda Is the Tamil word alakiya Nanthan [nal+ Aathavan]. Alakiya [alazhiya] means beautiful in Tamil. Gaumukh = Ko+ mukam akhi. In Tamil.


River Kavaeri; Kavaeri is the corrupted forn of the word Ka+ Orai. Kavaeri aaru signifies the Kavaeri aaru of the sky namey the milky way. River Kothavari is the corrupted form of the word Kathaorai- ka + tha + orai.

The   Tungabhadra River   is a sacred river in   southern India   that starts and flows through the state of   Karnataka   and joins the   Krishna River   as it enters   Andhra Pradesh . In the epic   Ramayana , the Tungabhadra river was known by the name of   Pampa .


The Tungabhadra River is formed by the confluence of the   Tunga River   and the   Bhadra River   which flow down the eastern slope of the   Western Ghats   in the state of   Karnataka .The rivers originate in   Chikmagalur District   of Karnataka along with the Nethravathi (west-flowing river, joining the Arabian Sea near Mangalore), the Tunga and the Bhadra rise at Gangamoola, in Varaha Parvatha in the Western Ghats.


The Thunga River is the combination of Tha + Ankh +Ba+ Tha + Ra. Ganga moola is the Tamil word [Kongai mulai ‘which means the breasts.




Saraswati   Sanskrit :   Sarasvati ? ) is the   Hindu   goddess   of   knowledge ,   music ,   arts   and   science . She is the companion of Brahma , also revered as his Shakti. It was with her knowledge, that Brahma created the universe. She is a part of trishakti "Saraswati" "Lakshmi" "Parvati" . All the three forms helping Tridev "Brahma" , "Vishnu" , and "Mahesh / Shiv" , in creation, maintenance and destruction of Universe .   [1]   Her figure is also popular in the   Jain   religion of west and central   India . .


The name   Saraswati   comes from   Saras   (meaning "flow") and   wati   (meaning "she who has flow"). In Telugu Langquage she is also known as chaduvula talli, Sarada. In   Konkani , she is referred to as Sharada, Veenapani, Pustaka dharini, Vidyadayini. In   Kannada , variants of her name include Sharade, Sharadamba, Vani, and Veenapani in the famous Shringeri temple. In   Tamil , she is also known as kalaimagal ( ???????) , Kalaivaani ( ???????) , Vaani ( ????). She is also addressed as Sharada (the one who loves the   autumn   season), Veena pustaka dharani (the one holding books and a   Veena ), Vaakdevi, Vagdevi, Vani (all meaning "speech"), Varadhanayagi (the one bestowing boons) and many other names.


Saraswati is strongly associated with flowing water in her role as a goddess of knowledge. She is depicted as a beautiful woman to embody the concept of knowledge as supremely alluring. She possesses four arms, and is usually shown wearing a spotless white   saree   and seated on a   white lotus   or riding a white swan.


Writer Sailen Debnath identifies seven primary characteristics and symbols of the goddess that relate to her role as a goddess of knowledge.

•  Saraswati is the goddess of learning. Her feminine aspect signifies creativity, as a woman can originate a human being in her womb.

•  White colour of the goddess signifies spotless character and immaculate mind.

•  Seated on an inverted white lotus meaning to be in search of the light of knowledge.

•  White swan is the vehicle of the goddess; and this is indicative of inquisitiveness.

•  The Goddess is playing the   vina ; and this signifies harmony of all mental strings, agencies and attitudes.

•  The goddess is worshipped with Palash, a red odourless flower; and this symbol is indicative of being free from putrefied preconceptions.

•  Inkpot with pen and books as symbols."


The   Sarasvati River   ( Sanskrit :   ??????? ???   sárasvati nadi ) is one of the chief   Rigvedic rivers   mentioned in ancient   Sanskrit   texts. The   Nadistuti   hymn in the   Rigveda   (10.75) mentions the Sarasvati between the   Yamuna   in the east and the   Sutlej   in the west, and later Vedic texts like Tandya and Jaiminiya Brahmanas as well as the   Mahabharata   mention that the Sarasvati dried up in a desert. The goddess   Sarasvati   was originally a personification of this river, but later developed an independent identity and gained meaning.

The identification of the Vedic Sarasvati River with the   Ghaggar-Hakra River   was accepted by   Christian Lassen ,   Max Müller   Marc Aurel Stein , C.F. Oldham [3]   and Jane Macintosh,   while some Vedic scholars (e.g. Kochhar 1999) believe the   Helmand River   of southern   Afghanistan   corresponds to the Sarasvati River. [5]


As per Hindu beliefs, Saraswati River flows underground and meets Yamuna and Ganga at their confluence in Prayag (Allahabad).


Sarasvati   is the   Devi   feminine of an adjective   sarasvant-   (which occurs in the   Rigveda   as the name of the keeper of the   celestial waters ), derived from   Proto-Indo-Iranian   * sáras-vant-i   (and earlier,   PIE   *séles-u?n?t-ih 2 ), meaning ‘marshy, full of pools'.

Sanskrit   sáras   means ‘pool, pond'; the feminine   sarasi´   means ‘stagnant pool, swamp'.   Like its cognates   Welsh   hêl, heledd   ‘river meadow' and Greek   ????   ( hélos ) ‘swamp', the Rigvedic term refers mostly to stagnant waters, and   Mayrhofer   considers unlikely a connection with the root * sar-   ‘run, flow'.

Sarasvati   is an exact cognate with Avestan   Harax v ati , perhaps   originally referring to   Ar?dvi Sura Anahita   (modern   Ardwisur Anahid ), the   Zoroastrian   mythological world river, which would point to a common Indo-Iranian myth of a cosmic or mystical   Sáras-vant-i   river. In the younger Avesta,   Harax v ati   is   Arachosia , a region described to be rich in rivers, and its Old Persian   cognate   Harauvati , which gave its name to the present-day   Harut   River in   Afghanistan , may have referred to the entire   Helmand   drainage basin (the center of Arachosia).


In the Rigveda



Sarasvati River is mentioned in all but the fourth book of the   Rigveda .

•  The Sarasvati is praised lavishly in the Rigveda as the best of all the rivers: e.g. in   RV 2 .41.16 she is called ámbitame náditame dévitame sárasvati , "best mother, best river, best goddess". Other verses of praise include RV 6 .61.8-13,   RV 7 .96 and   RV 10 .17. In some hymns, the Indus river seems to be more important than the Sarasavati, especially in the   Nadistuti sukta . In RV 8.26.18, the white flowing Sindhu 'with golden wheels' is the most conveying or attractive of the rivers.

•  RV 7 .95.2. and other verses (e.g.   RV 8 .21.18) speak of the Sarasvati pouring "milk and   ghee ." Rivers are often likened to cows in the Rigveda, for example in   RV 3 .33.1,

Like two bright mother cows who lick their youngling,

Vipas   and   Sutudri   speed down their waters.

As a goddess

In the Rigveda, the name Sarasvati already does not always relate to a river and its personification exclusively; in some places, the goddess   Saraswati   is abstracted from the river.

The Sarasvati is mentioned in 13 hymns of the late books (1 and 10) of the Rigveda.   Only two of these references are unambiguously to the river: 10.64.9, calling for the aid of three "great rivers", Sindhu, Sarasvati and   Sarayu ; and 10.75.5, the geographical list of the Nadistuti sukta. The others invoke Sarasvati as a goddess without direct connection to a specific river. In 10.30.12, her origin as a river goddess may explain her invocation as a protective deity in a hymn to the celestial waters. In 10.135.5, as Indra drinks   Soma   he is described as refreshed by Sarasvati. The invocations in 10.17 address Sarasvati as a goddess of the forefathers as well as of the present generation. In 1.13, 1.89, 10.85, 10.66 and 10.141, she is listed with other gods and goddesses, not with rivers. In 10.65, she is invoked together with "holy thoughts" ( dhi ) and "munificence" ( pura?dhi ), consistent with her role as a goddess of both knowledge and fertility.


The Hamsa represents perfect union, balance and life. A constant repetition of the word "hamso" changes it to "Soaham", which means "That I am". Hence the hamsa is often identified with the Supreme Spirit or   Brahman . The flight of the Hamsa also symbolizes the escape from the cycle of   samsara . The bird also has special connotations in the monistic philosophy of   Advaita Vedanta   - just as the swan lives on water but its feathers are not wetted by water, similarly an Advaitin tries to live in this material world full of   Maya , but is unsoiled by its illusionary nature.


A large volume of corpus of   folklore   and literature has grown around it, and a distinct mythology has evolved around the Hamsa. During   Vedic   times it was considered to relationship with   Surya . Then, it signified strength and virility. With the emergence and consolidation of the   Hindu scriptures   of   Upanishads , hamsa acquired more attributes, including being treated as   symbol of purity, detachment, divine knowledge, cosmic breath (prana) and highest spiritual accomplishment . Such a high level of symbolism was attached to hamsh as it transcends the limitations of the creation around it: it can walk on the earth ( prithvi ), fly in the sky, and swim in the water. The Hamsa was also used extensively in the art of Gandhara , in conjunction with images of the   Shakyamuni Buddha . It is also deemed sacred in the   Buddhadharma .

Lake Manasarovar   in Hindu mythology is seen as the summer abode of the Hamsa. Poetical images are derived from the flight of the swans to that lake in the   Himalayas .

It is said to eat pearls and separate milk from water from a mixture of both. In many texts it is extolled as the king of birds. In one of the Upanishads, a hamsa is also said to possess the sacred knowledge of the   Brahman.   The hamsa is also the 'vehicle' (Skt:   vahana ) of the goddess   Saraswati .


A school of philosophy has endeavored to penetrate its name.   Ham-sa   when inverted reads as   sa-ham , which in   Sanskrit   means   the oneness of human and the divine.   During pranayama , which is a   yogic   exercise of breath control, the inhalation is believed sound like   ham , while the exhalation is believed to sound like   sa . Thus, a hamsa came to epitomize the   prana , the breath of life.




In view of the association of a hamsa with several attributes as indicated above, saints and other holy persons are given the title of   paramhamsa , that is, the   supreme hamsa . This title is affixed before the name and symbolizes that the particular person has reached a high level of spirituality and   grace , though it may also be affixed as a   postposition , for example,   Sri Ramakrishna Paramahamsa .



The name Sarawathi is the combination of Sa+ Ra+ sa+ va + thee. Sarasam in Tamil means ‘fore play' or lovemaking. Hence Saraswathi should be a fertility goddess in ancient times. The name denotes the love making between Sa and Ra [moon and the sun] in the sky. The white saree of Sarawathi signifies the Milky Way [paalaru in Tamil] of the sky. The inverted white lotus indicates the milk tinged breasts. The red lotus [of Laksmi] signifies the female genitals namely the vulva. The swan is called as Annam in Tamil. Annam = an+nam which means the bird which is as white as that of the white sky - Milky Way or the full moon. It is belived that the [white] swan if offered a mixture of milk and water, is said to be able to drink the milk alone. The Haqmsa or the so ham is the combinarion of Sa+ Ka+an or am. The Sanskrit Hamsa is nothing but the Tamil Amsa. There is one proper name in Tamil, Amsa valli. The valli is actually the velli -- the white silvery ‘sa' in the sky an= andam or the universe in Tamil. Hence the white colur carries the name Annam. For example; Annam in Tamil also means cooked rice which is white in color. Anna Purani is the moon goddess. Anna durai is a proper name in Tamil nadu. An+ nam+ Tha + orai [tharai-- tharakai] = Anna durai. Hence Anna Durai means the white star or the sun of the sky. Anna Thurai also could mean the milky way [ thurai -- is the small harbor front of the milky way, the Paalaru]. Ana in Tamil means coin since the coins are silvery white as that of the sun or moon. The red c olured odourless flower, Palas signifies that Saraswathi is a fertility goddess. The vina in the hands of Saraswathi is a phallus symbol. Note the two bulbous portion of vina. The strings are the enlarged and tortuous blood filled veins [The veins are called as Narambu [Vina strings are also called as Narambu] in Tamil. The true meaning of narabmu in Tamili ‘nerve'. Books and the pen are the latter additions given to her as she was the goddess of speech apart from educating the Dravidian preople about sexual knowledge and the secret of ferltility . As she was also the mother goddess she used to teach her Dravidian children , their mother tongue [ mother beoing the saraswathi ] Tamil while she was feeding them with her breast milk. Even today , Dravidian mothers used to feed their children with milk rice during the nights seated in the front yard of the house showing the moon to the children. The word ‘Amuthu ‘ in Tamil means both the milky white light shed by the moon as well as the milk rice . The name ‘Amutha denotes' the moon goddess as well as the Dravidian language Tamil as Amutha taught Amutham while feeding with Amutham. The ignorant vedic Ariyans who had only hearsay knowledge about the Dravidian goddess Saraswathi started to possess her as their own goddess as ‘ the goddess of konowledge' as they made a rule that only the Brahamins should be given the rights to have education. The poor Brahamins who had not understood the essential , basic characteristcs of the Dravidian goddess saraswathi from the time of vedas making claims that the Saraswathi river civilization as their own is a ridiculus one. Saravanan and Parama hamsan are the masculine names. Saravanan denotes lord Murugan and Parama hamsan is lord Siva [Greek Zeus]. Paachi[ pal+ achu] Amman [ milk goddess ] or Paechi Amman[ goddess of speech] are the other names of saraswathi . Pal means milk and Achu means the teads or the nipple. Achu vellam [jaggery] is the related word.


Ap'sarasu is a related name to Saras'wathi.

An   Apsara   (also spelled as   Apsarasa ) is a female spirit of the clouds and waters in   Hindu   and   Buddhist mythology .


English translations of the word "Apsara" include " nymph ," "celestial nymph," and "celestial maiden."There are two types of Apsaras; Laukika (worldly), of who thirty-four are specified, and Daivika (divine), of which there are ten.The Bhagavata Purana also states that the Apsaras were born from   Kashyap   and   Muni .


The Apsaras are celestial nymphs, the dancers in the court of   Indra , the king of the Deva s. All of them are extremely beautiful and skilled in both dance and music. They had slim waists and fair large hips, they began to perform various evolutions, shaking their deep bosoms, and casting their glances around, and exhibiting other attractive attitudes capable of stealing the hearts and resolutions and minds of the spectators.


They occur in Persian mythology also, but there, they are water nymphs (apam=water), and are closely associated with   ApamNapat .


They are many in number, and the most famous are   Rambha ,   Menaka ,   Urvashi ,   Tilottama   and Ghritachi . Other nymphs who are mentioned in the Puranas are: Mishrakesi, Vapu, Viprachitti, Purvachitti, Sahajanya, Karnika, Punjikasthala, Viswachi, Rithisthala, Umlocha, Pramlocha, Swayamprabha, Janapadi, and Adrika. For   Tilottama   and   Urvashi , the story of their origins is available, but the others are believed to have sprung forth from the ocean-of-milk when it was churned   by the   Deva s and   Asura s.


They are closely associated with the   Gandharva s, who are the celestial musicians. Some of the Apsara s are paired with a   Gandharva , such as   Tumburu   with   Rambha , and   Menaka   with   Vishvavasu . But the relationship is temporary and is not a marriage tie.


Apsarasu must be Abi [female form] Sarasu in its original and the male form is Abba as in the proper name Aaba vanan . Aa+ ba= Abba or Abi. Present meaning for Abi [as in Abi naya] is ‘expressions' [ of the dancer].Abba means father in Tamil. Ab means father in Arabic. Ab   means " father " in most   Semitic languages , sometimes extended to   Abba   or   Aba .

The word Abba in Aramaic means “the father”.


File:Tara Borobudur 2.jpg



Bengal state;


The name of   Bengal , or   Bangla , is of unknown origins. Many theories have been formulated to explain the origin of the word " Bengal " or "Bangla". One theory suggests that the word derives from   Dravidian   tribes of 1000 B.C present at that time.   The word might have been derived from the ancient kingdom of   Vanga , or   Banga . Although some early   Sanskrit literature   mentions the name, the region's early history is obscure. The region was part of   Mauryan Empire   under   Ashoka   in the 3rd century BCE. In 2011, the government of West Bengal proposed a new English name for the state,   Paschimbanga ,  which reflects the pronunciation of the state's name in Bengali.



Stone Age   tools dating back 20,000 years have been excavated in the state.   Remnants of   civilisation   in the greater   Bengal   region date back four thousand years, ]   when the region was settled by   Dravidian ,   Tibeto-Burman , and   Austro-Asiatic peoples. The region was a part of the   Vanga Kingdom , one of ancient kingdoms of   Epic India . The kingdom of   Magadha   was formed in 7th century BC, consisting of the   Bihar   and   Bengal   regions. It was one of the four main kingdoms of India at the time of   Mahavira   and the   Buddha , and consisted of several Janapadas .   During the rule of   Maurya dynasty , the Magadha Empire extended over nearly all of South Asia, including   Afghanistan   and parts of   Persia   under   Ashoka the Great   in the 3rd century BC.


The name Bengal is the corrupted form of the original word Ba+ ankh+Ka+ la. It has the Ankh in addition to the ka ba la .Magadha is the corrupted form of the word Maa+ ka+Aathava[n]. The names of the state Megalahya is the corrupted form of the Tamil word Maa+ Ka+ la+ em Aalayam is t he word related to it . The city name Bokaro is the combination of Ba+ ka+ Ra.

It is very simple interpretation that the Tamil name Vaengai nadu had been converted to Vanga Nadu and later as the present Bengalam. Vaengai in Tamil means Tiger and we know very well about the Bemgal Tigers.



Angolo and Congo ;

The country Angola consists of Ankh, ka and la in its name. Kongo has the ka, ankh and ko in its name. The Cambodian city Angkor has the ankh, KO and the ra in its name [--ankh--ko aran]. The anchor of the ship is very similar to the Egyptian ankh.The name of the place Ankara-, Turkey's capital is the combination of Ankh+ Ka++Ra.


Ank[g]a , Sanka[u] and Ling[k]a;

The Linga is nothing but the la + ka where ‘la' is the ‘sheut ‘of ancient India. La signifies the light and the shadow in the earth while the ka is the heat or the sky. If we write in reverse as ka+la it means Kala [time in Tamli -- kalan or Kali] . Hence in astrological sense the Kala , the time is the true meaning of the word Linga. In fertility sense the Link[g]a signifies the moon and the sun and so the female and the male.

Kala , the time is called as Kaalam in Tamil. Kaalai is the word for ‘morning ‘in Tamil [kagcomes and the la goes] . Kaalai maadu is the bull in Tamil. The word Kaalai of the Kaalai maadu is nothing but the Kaa+La ; Kaalaiyan, the bull is the Lord Siva in Tamil. Bull baiting is the worship of Lord Siva the Kaala [one who decided the time] apart from the art of taming the bull.


Mala = Ma+ la ie. Big or great light [la] in Tamil. Maalai is the garland in Tamil. Malai is the mountain in Tamil and it denotes Lord Siva.


Poo lo ka or the word poolokam in Tamil means, the' world'. It has all the three spheres of the world, namely pa' [underworld] la [earth] and the ka [sky]

Me ka la [propername] in Tamil is the product of Maa [great] ka [sky] and la [moon].


The proper names Moo ka n , Maakkan in Tamil signify Lord Siva, the sun



The word Moola is from the combination moonu +la. Moonu is three in Tamil. La is light in Tamil. Hence moola could means three or tri Stars of the Sky? , Orion's belt. .Aathi moolam means Aa Thee [fire] means primordial fire in Tamil.




Kabbalah , also spelled   Kabala   or   Qabbalâ  - [ Hebrew :] ? literally "receiving"), is an   esoteric   method, discipline and school of thought. Its definition varies according to the tradition and aims of those following it,   from its religious origin as an integral part of   Judaism , to its later Christian ,   New Age , or   Occultist   syncretic   adaptions. Kabbalah is a set of esoteric teachings meant to explain the relationship between an unchanging, eternal and mysterious   Ein Sof   (no end) and the mortal and finite universe (his creation). While it is heavily used by some denominations, it is not a   religious denomination   in itself. Inside Judaism, it forms the foundations of mystical religious interpretation. Outside Judaism, its   scriptures   are read outside the traditional canons of organized religion. Kabbalah seeks to define the nature of the universe and the human being, the nature and purpose of existence, and various other   ontological   questions. It also presents methods to aid understanding of these concepts and to thereby attain spiritual realization.

Kabbalah originally developed entirely within the realm of   Jewish thought   and kabbalists often use classical Jewish sources to explain and demonstrate its esoteric teachings. These teachings are thus held by followers in   Judaism   to define the inner meaning of both the   Hebrew Bible and traditional   rabbinic literature , their formerly concealed   transmitted   dimension, as well as to explain the significance of Jewish   religious observances .


Look at the philosophy of the” Kabalah “of Judaism and it's similarity to the ancient Indian cosmic mythology also with the Egyptian] . The Kabalah of the Jews is nothing but the philosophy of Kabala of India. if so who were the ancient Egyptians and the Jews and what was the relation among Dravidians ,the Egyptians and the Jews.



Ankh or the Anga ; Amman + Ka = Ammanka ---Amun ka ---Anka. Again anka represents the male [ka] and the femaleAmman].


Sanku[a] ; Sahu + Anka = Shanka-- Sankam-- Sanku. Sangu signifies the female genital part where the birth and the death are decided. Sangu Bangles are given to the pregnant woman during ‘Valai Kappu' ceremony in Tamil Nadu. Sangu or conch shell is blown during the funeral procession in TamilNadu. Hence Sangu is there both during birth as well as death rituals in Dravidian culture.

The word sankiyam [ritual] is related to sangu. ‘Sankathi theriyuma' is the phrase used by Tamils for ‘gossiping'.

Man ka la-- Mankalam= Ma[great]+ankh+ ka + la Mankalam means earthen vessel as well as Prosperity in Tamil.


Maan[g] kalyam= Ma [great] +ankh+ ka + la + am. Maangakalyam means Thali in Tamil.

Maekam or Maeka in Tamil means clouds. Mae + ka= Maeka. Maeyum + ka= Maeka which means ‘moving [clouds] over the sky.'


Nepal, Bhopal, Bengal, Kabul and srilanka;

Etymology of the name Nepal. Ne+ p[b]a+ la---Ne + Ba+ la. The ka of Kabala has changed to Ne of Nepal.

Etymology of the name Bhopal. Poo + ba + la. Poo means the earth. [Poo ba lam]

Etymology of the name Kabul. Ka + Ba+ la. Ka b[p]a la has changed in to Kabul.

Etymology of the name Srilanka. Sri + La+Ankh+ ka -- la ka or [in reverse] ka la, + ankham ie. Lord Siva's abode. To put it simple , the people from Ka lingam i.e Present day Orissa migrated to the island and named it as Sri linkhka and later the name got corrupted to become Sri lankha . The Dravidian Ka had been changed in to the Sanskrit ‘Sri'.


Nakht; Nakht means powerful in ancient Egypt. There was one astronomer by name Nakht. Nakhtamin means “min is powerful”


Nakhsa thiram means star in Tamil. The word Nakhsathiram is nothing but the corrupted Tamil word namely Naga sithiram. Tamil women used to draw the position of planets as kolam in the front yard of the house during the dawn, welcoming the sun. The kolam representing the position of the various planets drawn by rice flour and also colored materials will look like the drawing of many snake[s ] [entangled together] namely the Naga. Sithiram means drawing in Tamil. Hence the Naga sithiram denotes the drawing of the sky star positions.




Min   is an Ancient Egyptian god whose cult originated in   predynastic   times (4th millennium BC).   He was represented in many different forms, but was often represented in male human form, shown with an erect penis which he holds in his left hand and an upheld right arm holding a flail. As Khem or Min, he was the god of reproduction; as   Khnum , he was the creator of all things, "the maker of gods and men".


As a   god of fertility , he was shown as having black skin. His cult was strongest in   Coptos   and   Akhmim   (Panopolis), where in his honour great festivals were held celebrating his “coming forth” with a public procession and presentation of offerings.   His other associations include the eastern desert and links to the god   Horus .   Flinders Petrie   excavated two large statues of Min at   Qift   which are now in the Ashmolean Museum and it is thought by some that they are pre-dynastic. Although not mentioned by name a reference to 'he whose arm is raised in the East' in the   Pyramid Texts   is thought to refer to Min.


His importance grew in the Middle Kingdom when he became even more closely linked with Horus as the deity Min-Horus. By the New Kingdom he was also fused with Amen in the deity Min-Amen-kamutef (Min-Amen - bull of his mother). Min's   shrine   was crowned with a pair of bull horns.

The name of the Min god of Egypt signifies the Tamil word Meen .Meen indicates the fish in the ocean , the stars in the sky [vin meen] and the shining stones in the earth. The meaning of the word Meen is “ shining” [Minnthul- minnal]. As the god of fertility with erect phallus , dark skin and with the pair of bull horns suggest that the Min god of ancient Egypt could be the Karuppusamy [ god with dark skin--making his devotees dark by his rays]] ka'alaiyan [bull god] , the Minnavan [ Min god] , [Mannavan- means -ruler of earth--Vinnavan means the ruler of sky] , the Siva [the phallus ] of ancient Dravidians . Siva's wife is called by the name Meeachi [wife of the Minnavan] which means the woman who rules the Minnavan or Meenavan [ Min or Meen]. The Dravidian god ‘Muni ‘ has originated from the name ‘ Mini' only . Muni -Eswaran is lord Siva. The family god of the author is by the name Mininar-mini [ minninar--the shining god of the sky].


The Tamil word “ min” or “ meen “ signifying the shining fish of the sea or the shining stars of the sky or the shining stones of the earth could be at least 6000 years old.




Horus   is one of the oldest and most significant deities in   ancient Egyptian religion , who was worshipped from at least the late Predynastic period   through to   Greco-Roman   times. Horus is recorded in   Egyptian hieroglyphs   as   ?r.w ; the pronunciation has been reconstructed as * ?aru , meaning "falcon". Additional meanings are thought to have been "the distant one" or "one who is above, over".   By   Coptic times, the name became   Hor . It was adopted into   Greek   as   ????   Horos . The original name also survives in later Egyptian names such as   Har-si-ese   literally "Horus, son of Isis".


The name Horus is the corrupted Egyptian form of the ancient Tamil word ‘Orai [ Koran- an had changed in to os ] which means the, Sun or the star. Horus senior is the Lord Siva and Horus junior is Lord Murugan [ Muru - ka].




Kaepumari and Mullamari;


Kaepu Mari and mullamari are abusive slang words used by Tamil people when someone has stolen their money or valuable objects.


The kaepumari must be the corrupted word of Ko Peru Ma Ori. Mullamari is an ancient King who ruled the place called Pamullur.He belongs to Sangam period. 2000 years back].

Hence, when the person who had lost the money says ‘ Po da ! Kaepumari and Mulla Mari payalae! In Tamil ---- [you fellow ! Kaepumari mullamari ] means , “I will take the matter to the King Mulla Mari [ also ko peru ma ori as he was the one of the 7=== ]; I would seek justice in his court!”. Alternatively it would mean,” Go to the king Mulla mari; you would get what you need and therefore you need not indulge in stealing or robbing!”.





Khnum,   the sculptor who gives lives , created a child's body, the   khat ,    ( MdC transliteration   X.t ) - together with its twin, the ka   - on his potter's wheel and inserted them with the sperm into the mother's womb. Khnum is the third aspect of Ra. He is the god of rebirth, creation and the evening sun. The name






The name Khnum is the corrupted form of the Tamil word Ko Ammon [ko pattan---eldest member of the family] who is the Aathi or the primordial god .Ko Amman is the female form. The potter's wheel denotes the lunar cycle and it's relation to the child birth .The Khat is the breath of air and the Ka is the life given by her to the foetus. Ko Amman could be the one of the seven ‘Ma Aathi Araki', namely Kaumari.


Kanum pongal'; during the kanum pongal people used to visit their elders and seek their blessings. The elders present gifts and money to the visitors. Hence the event must be actually called as Ka- Kanum pongal. In the ancient days people would have visited their kings[Ko] during that day to receive gifts and money for their hard work in the agricultural fields.



Aten ;

Aten   (also   Aton ,   Egyptian   jtn ) is the disk of the sun in ancient   Egyptian mythology , and originally an aspect of   Ra . The deified Aten is the focus of the   monolatristic ,   henotheistic , or   monotheistic   religion   of   Atenism   established by Amenhotep IV, who later took the name   Akhenaten   in worship and recognition of Aten. In his poem " Great Hymn to the Aten ", Akhenaten praises Aten as the creator, and giver of life. The worship of Aten was eradicated by   Horemheb .


The name of the god Aten is nothing but the corrupted form of the Tamil name Aathavan which means the sun. There were several ancient kings and poets in Tamil Nadu who had the' Aten in


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