Hera, Hera , equivalently ???, Here , in Ionic and Homer) is the wife and one of three sisters of Zeus in the Olympian pantheon of Greek mythology and religion. Her chief function is as the goddess of women and marriage. Her counterpart in the religion of ancient Rome was Juno. The cow, lion and the peacock are sacred to her. Hera's mother is Rhea and her father Cronus.
Hera is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Aravayee or Aarayee. Hera's mother name Rhea is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Ra+ Aya where Ra is the sun god and Aya or Ayee means the grandmother or the ancestor. The name could mean the mother of the Sun god the primordial fire. Cronus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Kronan or Karnan. Cow , lion are sacred to the Dravidian goddess Kali , wife of Siva.
Portrayed as majestic and solemn, often enthroned, and crowned with the polos (a high cylindrical crown worn by several of the Great Goddesses), Hera may bear a pomegranate in her hand, emblem of fertile blood and death and a substitute for the narcotic capsule of the opium poppy. A scholar of Greek mythology Walter Burkert writes in Greek Religion , "Nevertheless, there are memories of an earlier an iconic representation, as a pillar in Argos and as a plank in Samos."
Samos is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Soman , the moon god. There is one variety of sweet made in Tamil Nadu called as Somasu. The shape of this sweet is that of the half moon. Somaesh and soma Nathan and Somnambulism are related names and words. Argos is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Arakkan.
Hera was known for her jealous and vengeful nature, most notably against Zeus's lovers and offspring, but also against mortals who crossed her, such as Pelias . Paris offended her by choosing Aphrodite as the most beautiful goddess, earning Hera's hatred.
Paris is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Paran [ related to paraman] and Aphrodite is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Aa peru Aathi Thee.
The name of Hera, the queen of the gods, admits a variety of mutually exclusive etymologies; one possibility is to connect it with hora , season, and to interpret it as ripe for marriage and according to Plato erate - beloved as Zeus is said to have married her for love. According to Plutarch , Hera was an allegorical name and an anagram of aer - air. So begins the section on Hera in Walter Burkert 's Greek Religion . In a note, he records other scholars' arguments "for the meaning Mistress as a feminine to Heros , Master." John Chadwick , a decipherer of Linear B, remarks ""her name may be connected with heros , , 'hero', but that is no help, since it too is etymologically obscure." A.J. van Windekens, offers "young cow, heifer", which is consonant with Hera's common epithet boopis , cow-eyed. E-ra appears in Mycenaean Linear B tablets.
Hera is the Tamil Aara , the E- ra of the Mycenaean Linear B tablets. Aara or Aaram means the ‘ rounded' one. Aaram also means the necklace. Aravu means the snake. The Tamil word Aaram , [the round one ] was coined from the coiled up [rounded] snake . The Egyptian name of the sun god Horus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Orai which in turn means the star or the planet. So also the Greek word Hora , meaning season. The word Orai had originated from the word Aara or Aaram or Arava . Hence the name Hera denotes the Aaram , the neck lace of Zeus , the Tamil Seyon and it also denotes the snake necklace of the sun god Zeus , the Dravidian god Siva. Erate is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Orai Thee . The Tamil name which is equivalent to ‘erate' is ‘Aarthee'. Aarathee means the fire as the necklace , the round fire. Also it means ‘ to embrace your lover' as the snakes embrace[ Aravu - anaithal ] each other. It also means ‘to embrace' as the fire does.
Hera may have been the first to whom the Greeks dedicated an enclosed roofed temple sanctuary, at Samos about 800 BC. It was replaced later by the Heraion , one of the largest Greek temples anywhere (Greek altars were in front of the temples, under the open sky). There were many temples built on this site so evidence is somewhat confusing and archaeological dates are uncertain.
We know that the temple created by the Rhoecus sculptors and architects was destroyed between 570- 60 BC. This was replaced by the Polycratean temple 540-530 BC. In one of these temples we see a forest of 155 columns. There is also no evidence of tiles on this temple suggesting either the temple was never finished or that the temple was open to the sky.
Rhoecus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Ra[a]kkan. The female form is Rakaayee. Rakkan [ Ra+ ka+an] is the sun god lord Siva. The ancient sculptors and architects of Indus Valley , Mesopotamia , Egypt , Sudan , Greek and Greek islands and Mesoamerica were the Tamil speaking Dravidians.
Earlier sanctuaries, whose dedication to Hera is less secure, were of the Mycenaean type called "house sanctuaries". Samos excavations have revealed votive offerings, many of them late 8th and 7th centuries BC, which show that Hera at Samos was not merely a local Greek goddess of the Aegean : the museum there contains figures of gods and suppliants and other votive offerings from Armenia, Babylon , Iran , Assyria , Egypt , testimony to the reputation which this sanctuary of Hera enjoyed and to the large influx of pilgrims. Compared to this mighty goddess, who also possessed the earliest temple at Olympia and two of the great fifth and sixth century temples of Paestum , the termagant of Homer and the myths is an "almost...comic figure" according to Burkert.
Aegean sea is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Aathiyan sea. Armenia is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Aaravu mani or Aara Mani or Mani Yaram . Babvylon is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Ba Balan or Boo Balan. The name Balan is related to the god Baa'l. Iran is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Thee karan, the sun god or the fire god.
Though greatest and earliest free-standing temple to Hera was the Heraion of Samos, in the Greek mainland Hera was especially worshipped as "Argive Hera" ( Hera Argeia ) at her sanctuary that stood between the former Mycenaean city-states of Argos and Mycenae, where the festivals in her honor called Heraia were celebrated. "The three cities I love best," the ox-eyed Queen of Heaven declares ( Iliad , book iv) "are Argos, Sparta and Mycenae of the broad streets." There were also temples to Hera in Olympia, Corinth , Tiryns , Perachora and the sacred island of Delos . In Magna Graecia , two Doric temples to Hera were constructed at Paestum, about 550 BC and about 450 BC. One of them, long called the Temple of Poseidon was identified in the 1950s as a second temple there of Hera.
Argive Hera or Hera Argeia is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Orai theeya or Aatheeya. Mycenae is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Ma saenai.Perachora is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Periya Karai. The island Delos is the corrupted form of the Tamil name La+ tha . Latha means the moon goddess, the floating island . If we write La + ta in reverse order the name Lato[ Heracles ‘ mother] and the name of the island Delos will come.
In Euboea the festival of the Great Daedala, sacred to Hera, was celebrated on a sixty-year cycle.
Daedala, the city , is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Thee thalam. The Daedala[ Thee Tala ] festival celebrated in Euboae once in 60 years is very much similar to the 60 years cycle of the Tamil calendar.
According to Walter Burkert, both Hera and Demeter have many characteristic attributes of pre-Greek Great Goddesses.
According to the Homeric Hymn III to Delian Apollo, Hera detained Eileithyia to already prevent Leto from going into labor with Artemis and Apollo, since the father was Zeus. The other goddesses present at the birthing on Delos sent Iris to bring her. As she stepped upon the island, the divine birth began. In the myth of the birth of Heracles, it is Hera herself who sits at the door instead, delaying the birth of Heracles until her protégé, Eurystheus, had been born first.
Delian Apollo is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Theelaiyan Aa Palan . Eilethiyia is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Ozhi theeyal. Leto is the Tamil Latha Artemis is the corrupted form of the Tamil Orai thee ma [ Aru Mathi or Arai Mathi]. Delos is the name of Latha , the letters of the name [Thee+ La] written in reverse order. Heracles is the Tamil Aravu Kaliyon. Eyrutheus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Orai theeyon .
The Homeric Hymn to Pythian Apollo makes the monster Typhaon the offspring of archaic Hera in her Minoan form, produced out of herself, like a monstrous version of Hephaestus, and whelped in a cave in Cilicia. She gave the creature to Python to raise.
Homer is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Amar or Amaran. Python is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Pithan, the lord Siva who had the snake as the necklace and got the name Pithan , the mad man. Typhaon is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Thee Paeyon. Minoan is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Meenavan , the fisherman .
In the Temple of Hera at Olympia, Hera's seated cult figure was older than the warrior figure of Zeus that accompanied it. Homer expressed her relationship with Zeus delicately in the Iliad , in which she declares to Zeus, "I am Cronus' eldest daughter, and am honorable not on this ground only, but also because I am your wife, and you are king of the gods." Though Zeus is often called Zeus Heraios 'Zeus, (consort) of Hera', Homer's treatment of Hera is less than respectful, and in late anecdotal versions of the myths (see below) she appeared to spend most of her time plotting revenge on the nymphs seduced by her Consort, for Hera upheld all the old right rules of Hellene society and sorority.
Zeus Herios is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Seyon the Oraiyan.
There has been considerable scholarship, reaching back to Johann Jakob Bachofen in the mid-nineteenth century, about the possibility that Hera, whose early importance in Greek religion is firmly established, was originally the goddess of a matriarchal people, presumably inhabiting Greece before the Hellenes. In this view, her activity as goddess of marriage established the patriarchal bond of her own subordination: her resistance to the conquests of Zeus is rendered as Hera's "jealousy", the main theme of literary anecdotes that undercut her ancient cult.
However, it remains a controversial claim that primitive matriarchy existed in Greece or elsewhere.
The matriarchal society that existed in Crete and Greek islands was that of the pre Hellenistic Dravidian civilization . Hera was not a jealous woman as portrayed in the Hellenistic mythology. Even she was not against Heracles or Paris, but then she was against the abuse of women in the hands of Zeus , who established the Patriarchal society. Hera was the protector of the womenfolk.
Hera was most known as the matron goddess, Hera Teleia ; but she presided over weddings as well. In myth and cult, fragmentary references and archaic practices remain of the sacred marriage of Hera and Zeus, and at Plataea, there was a sculpture of Hera seated as a bride by Callimachus, as well as the matronly standing Hera.
Hera Teleia is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Hera - Thee laya or Thalaiyal . Thee means fire and La means‘ parkling ‘. Thalaiyal means the head of the women. Plataea is the
corrupted form of the Tamil name Pala theeyam and Callimachus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Kali or Kalli magan., the son of Kali , lord Murugan . ‘Kalli' means beautiful in Greek .
Hera was also worshipped as a virgin: there was a tradition in Stymphalia in Arcadia that there had been a triple shrine to Hera the Girl [Pais]), the Adult Woman Teleia, and the Separated Ch?re 'Widowed' or 'Divorced' In the region around Argos, the temple of Hera in Hermione near Argos was to Hera the Virgin. At the spring of Kanathos, close to Nauplia, Hera renewed her virginity annually, in rites that were not to be spoken of ( arrheton ).
Stympalia is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Thee Ambalam , the red sky. Pais is the Tamil name Paiyan means young boy. Teleia is the Tamil Thalaiyal , the head of the women folk. Chere is the corrupted form of the Tamil Kari as in Onkari , the aggressive form of the mother against the Matriarchal society. Hermione is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Aravu mani or Ara mani or Mani aram. Kanathos is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Ko Nathan or Gana Nathan.
In Hellenistic imagery, Hera's chariot was pulled by peacocks, birds not known to Greeks before the conquests of Alexander. Alexander's tutor, Aristotle, refers to it as "the Persian bird." The peacock motif was revived in the Renaissance iconography that unified Hera and Juno, and which European painters focused on. A bird that had been associated with Hera on an archaic level, where most of the Aegean goddesses were associated with "their" bird, was the cuckoo, which appears in mythic fragments concerning the first wooing of a virginal Hera by Zeus.
Peacock is the symbol of blue sky. Alexander is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Alagu sundar.
Hera bore several epithets in the mythological tradition, including:
· Aigophágos 'Goat-Eater' among the Lacedaemonians. Lacedamonias is the corrupted form of the Tamil name La ke tha ammoniyam . Lalitha is the related name to Laketha.
· Akráia - '(She) of the Heights' --Akarai [ Aa + ka+ Orai] means the other side of the river , the opposite bank of the river or the sky .
· Ammonia --Ammonia is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Ammani . The etymology of the name of the Ammoniam salts which is white in color has the Dravidian root.
· Argéia ) '(She) of Argos' -- Argeia is the Tamil orai theeyal . Argos is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Arakkan[ Ara Kon] . Arakki is the female form.
· Basíleia 'Queen'.
· Bounáia ' (She) of the Mound' in Corinth .
· Bo?pis 'Cow-Eyed' or 'Cow-Faced' - The Egyptian coe goddess Hathor is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Aa thirai or Athira. Aa Nirai is the other word for cattle. Cow is worshipped in India as Ko Matha.
· Leuk?lenos 'White-Armed'. Leuko is the combination of is the Tamil La+ka. La is white or glistening or the moon and ka is the sky or the sun. Lena or luna is the Tamil Nila [ Nila --written in reverse order [ La+ ni ] . Hence Leukolena is a pure Tamil name meaning the glistening moon of the sky. Leuko penia , Leukocytes , and Leukoplakia are the words which had originated from the Tamil letters La and ka.
· Pais 'Child' [in her role as virgin] . Pais is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Paian , young boy.
· Parthénos 'Virgin'. Pathini in Tamil means a chaste female, a nymph. Parathai means a prostitute . Barathi[ Parthee ] is a related word
· Teléia as goddess of marriage. Teleia is the Tamil ‘Thalaiyal' , the head or the eldest or the ruler of womenfolk.
· C h?re 'Widowed. Ko Ori [ Ka Orai ] is the Greek Chere. Ongari is the name of the Amman goddess of Tamil Nadu.
Hera presides over the right arrangements of the marriage and is the archetype of the union in the marriage bed, but she is not notable as a mother. The legitimate offspring of her union with Zeus are Ares (the god of war), Hebe (the goddess of youth), Eris (the goddess of discord) and Eileithyia (goddess of childbirth). Hera was jealous of Zeus' giving birth to Athena without recourse to her (actually with Metis), so she gave birth to Hephaestus without him. Hera was then disgusted with Hephaestus' ugliness and threw him from Mount Olympus. In an alternate version, Hera alone produced Hebe after being impregnated by a head of lettuce or by beating her hand on the Earth a solemnizing action for the Greeks.
Ares is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Aran . Eris is the Tamil name Ari .Metis is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Mathi . Hephasteus is the corrupted form of the Tamil Aapayaenthan .
When Hera discovered that Leto was pregnant and that Zeus was the father, she banned Leto from giving birth on terra-firma, or the mainland, or any island at sea. Poseidon gave pity to Leto and guided her to the floating island of Delos, which was neither mainland nor a real island and Leto was able to give birth to her children on the island. As a gesture of gratitude, Delos was secured with four pillars. The island later became sacred to Apollo. Alternatively, Hera kidnapped Eileithyia, the goddess of childbirth, to prevent Leto from going into labor. The other gods bribed Hera with a beautiful necklace nobody could resist and she finally gave in.
Lato is the Tamil moon goddess Latha and the island of the sky or the floating island is the moon Lata , La+ta. La means the moon or the glistening one. La is the thee, the fire. Lata means the' glistening fire' If we write la+ta in reverse order the name of the island Delos will come.
When Hera learned that Semele, daughter of Cadmus King of Thebes, was pregnant by Zeus, she disguised herself as Semele's nurse and persuaded the princess to insist that Zeus show himself to her in his true form. When he was compelled to do so, his thunder and lightning blasted her. Zeus took the child and completed its gestation sewn into his own thigh.
Semele is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Sem mala or Shyamala or Mala thee, Sem Mala means the' red necklace'. Sharmila is a related proper name. Cadmus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Kodaman or Gowthaman.
In another version, Dionysus was originally the son of Zeus by either Demeter or Persephone. Hera sent her Titans to rip the baby apart, from which he was called Zagreus ("Torn in Pieces"). Zeus rescued the heart and gave it to Semele to impregnate her; or, the heart was saved, variously, by Athena, Rhea, or Demeter.
Dionysus or the Tamil Thee yoni Seyon was the son of Demeter or the Tamil Thee Ma Athirai . Mathuri is the related name to the Greek Demeter. Thee Maathirai or Mathuri means the great fire in the sky or the ‘sweet ‘ one! Zagreus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Sakkariyan . Sakkarai means sugar in Tamil and also it means the white moon or the star . The word Sakkarai is the combination of Sa+ Ka+ Orai. The letter ‘ sa' could mean the moon[ chandran or soman or suma ] or even the sun . Athena is the pure Tamil name Aathi Annai or Aatheenai , the primordial fire.
Tiresias was a priest of Zeus, and as a young man he encountered two snakes mating and hit them with a stick. He was then transformed into a woman. As a woman, Tiresias became a priestess of Hera, married and had children, including Manto. After seven years as a woman, Tiresias again found mating snakes, struck them with her staff, and became a man once more.
Tiresias is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Thiru Seyon. Disturbing the mating snakes with a stick is symbolically inducing castration of woman by a man as snakes are symbol of womenfolk and fertility . Hence Tiresias was punished by Hera, the goddess of marriage to undergo him the pain of the snakes[ after swallowing a big prey] namely the pregnancy pain of the women. Manto is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Manthan , the human . As a woman Tiresias saw the mating snakes again , she was struck by the stick of the Zeus, the sun rays as Tiresias was the priest of Zeus who had already repented for the misdeed with the snakes earlier . Struck by the stick of a man by a woman equals to castration of that woman and thus the castrated woman had again changed into the original man form . A female per se cannot have a staff of her own unless she is married to a man. Hence the female Tiresias could not have hurt the snakes for the second time as told in the myth as she had no stick of her own! Staff or stick symbolically signifies the male phallus.
As a result of his experiences, Zeus and Hera asked him to settle the question of which sex, male or female, experienced more pleasure during intercourse. Zeus claimed it was women; Hera claimed it was men. When Tiresias sided with Zeus, Hera struck him blind.
Since Zeus could not undo what she had done, he gave him the gift of prophecy. An alternative and less commonly told story has it that Tiresias was blinded by Athena after he stumbled onto her bathing naked. His mother, Chariclo, begged her to undo her curse, but Athena could not; she gave him prophecy instead.
Making one blind is making one castrated as Athena had made Tiresias blind for seeing her naked. Chariclo is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Kari Kalan or Kari kolan , the sun god. Kari = Ka +orai . Kari also means the coal , made black by the sun . Kari Kali could be the female form.
The myth of snake and Tiresias , the myth of Hera sending the snakes to kill the baby Heracles and the myth of nine headed snake, the Larnaean Hydra raised by Hera , all indicate that Hera was once a goddess of fertility , the serpent goddess and her Greek name Hera[ e-ra] must be related to the Tamil name Ara or Aarayee.