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Kandake[Candance] Queens in Tamil

“Yaen!    Sandi thanam   seyurae”?!  Is the often said statement by Tamil mothers when their children are troublesome, disobidient and uncooperative!  Particularly when the girl child is adamant uncooperative she will be called as “ Sandi Rani !”   “Ethu enka   Alli Rajeium!   Please do not come to this place “are the words used by the adolescent girls when boys intrude their area. Alli Rajeium means “area ruled by women!”   When the Horse is trouble making and un cooperative   the horse man used to say,” Kudirai sandithanam seyyukirathu!   Sandithanam means the character of trouble making and uncooperative nature of a Sandi Rani!  When the bull of the bullock cart is troublesome it is called as “ Sandi maadu”!     


                             Kudirai malai is an   ancient port town on the west coast of Sri Lanka .


                             Famous rulers of this land included Queen   Alli Arasani,   Chief  Korran[kottran] , his father Pittan, and Korran's' contemporaries Chief Elini  and Athiyaman Neduman  Anci    (father/son duo) and Kumanan.   Traders brought several horses in ships to the island during the Sangam period.The port was known as   Hippuros   to  ancient Greeks .   Archaeological excavations have revealed Kudiramalai to have been a site of ancient habitation from the 1st century BCE-to the 7th century CE and later. Kudiramalai's ruins attract visitors from around the world.                       


 The place shares the famous millennia old legends of the   Tamil Queen Alli Arasani   with Mannar, during whose rule major changes to the western coastline occurred. According to legends she often travelled from Kudiramalai to Mannar. She traded internationally the pearls of the Mannar seas with horses from Arabia. The port town acquired its name Kudiramalai from this. Queen Alli's ruined palace can still be seen in Kudiramalai.

                                The ancient Tamil   chief   Korran  ruled  Kudiramalai between the 1st century BCE- late 1st century CE. He was a commander in chief of the Chera dynasty   under the King Makkotai. An avid horseman and great patron of poetry, Korran ruled from and administered the locality surrounding the ancient capital. He earned the epithet   Kattuman Korran   or "Horseman Korran" due to his love of horse riding. His father was Pittan, another famous Chera chief. His full name was sometimes credited as Pittan-Korran He ruled this area alongside two other chieftains, Elini Athiyaman Neduman Añci and Kumanan. Chief Elini of Kudiramalai is described at length in the   Purananuru   and Akananuru. Korranwas a brilliant bowman ,  typical of the inhabitants of the Chera kingdom whose royal emblem was the bow. Korran brought horses to the battlefield for the first time. His contemporaries , Athiyaman Neduman Anci  of  Tagadur  and  Pajayan Maran of  Madurai  belonged to the same   Tamil horseman   tribe and were Velir   aristocrats.


                                Kandake   or   Kentake, also   Candace, was the title for queens and queen mothers of the ancient African kingdom of Kush, also known as   Nubia and Ethiopia   and     25BCE  the kandake AMENIRENAS   , as reported by STRABO   , attacked the city of Syene, today' s  Aswan ,   in territory of the  Roman Empire ; Emperor Augustus     destroyed the city of Napata   in retaliation . An impressive series of Nubian warrior queens, queen regents, and queen mothers, known as kentakes (Greek: Candace "Candake"), are only appearing to the light of history through the ongoing deciphering of the Meroitic script.   They controlled what are now Sudan, Ethiopia, and parts of Egypt.

   K andakes of Kush:


                   Pelekh   Candace of Meroe  (c. 345 BCE–332 BCE ]

§     Alakhebasken   (c. 295 BCE)----------------- -Alakiya  Baskaran

§     Shanakdakhete   (177 BCE–155 BCE)----------

§     Amanikhabale   (50 BCE–40 BCE)---------   -Ammani  Khabali [Kabali  Amman]

§     Amanirenas   (40 BCE–10 BCE)---------- -   -Ammani   Arasanai or Ammani  Rani

§     Amanishakheto   (c. 10 BCE–1 CE)---        -Ammani  Sakthei

§     Amanitore   (1–20 CE)------------  ----      - -Ammani  Ori

§     Amantitere   (22–41 CE)----------------- --   Ammani  Thari

§     Amanikhatashan   (62–85 CE)--------   -   -Ammani  Khatacham

§     Maleqorobar   (266–283 CE)-------------    Malai  kurabar[Kuravar]

§     Lahideamani   (306–314 CE)------------      Lalitha Mani.



                                           Considering  the  common  use  of   the term  “Alli  Rajeium   [ kingdom  ruled by  women]”  by Tamil  population  , it  seems  that  they   know the  ancient  history of  Alli  Arasani   [Arasan----Raja  -king: Arasani-----Rani -Queen].   Apart  from  the terms  Alli  Arasanai  or Alli Rani  and  Alli Rajeum[ Sanskrit word- Arasu  is the   Tamil word for rajeium ],  the Tamils  use the  term  Sandi  Rani  when  a female is  troublesome, quarrelsome  and disobedient!. Why?  The root word for sandi   is from   Sandai [fight]   which means war.   “Sandaiyikku    poraen” means “going to fight with someone” .  The term  “ Sandaikku    Rani “  means   warrior  queens  or  fighting  queens!  The  term  is  the   original  word of the corrupted   Meroitic  word   Kandake  Queens  of  Ancient  Nubian Kingdoms.  We can read    the Tamil forms of the Kandake queens  or the  Sandai  Rani  kal [plural] [written on the left side of the notes]  and  one  can note   that  these names  are  proper names of the children of  Tamils  even now.  Ex:  Ammani Rani, Ammani Kabali and Lalitha Mani etc. Hence  the  Queen  Alli   Arasnai   was the  representative   figure of  the  Sandaiku[Kandake ]   Rani  kal of  Nubian queens   in the land  of Srilanka.  The Tamil word   “Sandai”  meaning  war  or  fight  is   about    20345  years  old.  The Tamil word  Sandaikku  and the Nubian word   Kandake  show  the cultural  unity of the  ancient Dravidians  of  Tamil Nadu   and  Nubians . It seems   that the Alli Arasanai   Athiyaman Neduman,. Marran [  Ma  Aran]  and Korran of Velir  chieftains  were   the Nagas  of Tamil Nadu and  Srilanka [Sri  linga].



 1. kudiramalai

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