“Yaen! Sandi thanam seyurae”?! Is the often said statement by Tamil mothers when their children are troublesome, disobidient and uncooperative! Particularly when the girl child is adamant uncooperative she will be called as “ Sandi Rani !” “Ethu enka Alli Rajeium! Please do not come to this place “are the words used by the adolescent girls when boys intrude their area. Alli Rajeium means “area ruled by women!” When the Horse is trouble making and un cooperative the horse man used to say,” Kudirai sandithanam seyyukirathu! Sandithanam means the character of trouble making and uncooperative nature of a Sandi Rani! When the bull of the bullock cart is troublesome it is called as “ Sandi maadu”!
Kudirai malai is an ancient port town on the west coast of Sri Lanka .
Famous rulers of this land included Queen Alli Arasani, Chief Korran[kottran] , his father Pittan, and Korran's' contemporaries Chief Elini and Athiyaman Neduman Anci (father/son duo) and Kumanan. Traders brought several horses in ships to the island during the Sangam period.The port was known as Hippuros to ancient Greeks . Archaeological excavations have revealed Kudiramalai to have been a site of ancient habitation from the 1st century BCE-to the 7th century CE and later. Kudiramalai's ruins attract visitors from around the world.
The place shares the famous millennia old legends of the Tamil Queen Alli Arasani with Mannar, during whose rule major changes to the western coastline occurred. According to legends she often travelled from Kudiramalai to Mannar. She traded internationally the pearls of the Mannar seas with horses from Arabia. The port town acquired its name Kudiramalai from this. Queen Alli's ruined palace can still be seen in Kudiramalai.
The ancient Tamil chief Korran ruled Kudiramalai between the 1st century BCE- late 1st century CE. He was a commander in chief of the Chera dynasty under the King Makkotai. An avid horseman and great patron of poetry, Korran ruled from and administered the locality surrounding the ancient capital. He earned the epithet Kattuman Korran or "Horseman Korran" due to his love of horse riding. His father was Pittan, another famous Chera chief. His full name was sometimes credited as Pittan-Korran He ruled this area alongside two other chieftains, Elini Athiyaman Neduman Añci and Kumanan. Chief Elini of Kudiramalai is described at length in the Purananuru and Akananuru. Korranwas a brilliant bowman , typical of the inhabitants of the Chera kingdom whose royal emblem was the bow. Korran brought horses to the battlefield for the first time. His contemporaries , Athiyaman Neduman Anci of Tagadur and Pajayan Maran of Madurai belonged to the same Tamil horseman tribe and were Velir aristocrats.
Kandake or Kentake, also Candace, was the title for queens and queen mothers of the ancient African kingdom of Kush, also known as Nubia and Ethiopia and 25BCE the kandake AMENIRENAS , as reported by STRABO , attacked the city of Syene, today' s Aswan , in territory of the Roman Empire ; Emperor Augustus destroyed the city of Napata in retaliation . An impressive series of Nubian warrior queens, queen regents, and queen mothers, known as kentakes (Greek: Candace "Candake"), are only appearing to the light of history through the ongoing deciphering of the Meroitic script. They controlled what are now Sudan, Ethiopia, and parts of Egypt.
K andakes of Kush:
Pelekh Candace of Meroe (c. 345 BCE–332 BCE ]
§ Alakhebasken (c. 295 BCE)----------------- -Alakiya Baskaran
§ Shanakdakhete (177 BCE–155 BCE)----------
§ Amanikhabale (50 BCE–40 BCE)--------- -Ammani Khabali [Kabali Amman]
§ Amanirenas (40 BCE–10 BCE)---------- - -Ammani Arasanai or Ammani Rani
§ Amanishakheto (c. 10 BCE–1 CE)--- -Ammani Sakthei
§ Amanitore (1–20 CE)------------ ---- - -Ammani Ori
§ Amantitere (22–41 CE)----------------- -- Ammani Thari
§ Amanikhatashan (62–85 CE)-------- - -Ammani Khatacham
§ Maleqorobar (266–283 CE)------------- Malai kurabar[Kuravar]
§ Lahideamani (306–314 CE)------------ Lalitha Mani.
Considering the common use of the term “Alli Rajeium [ kingdom ruled by women]” by Tamil population , it seems that they know the ancient history of Alli Arasani [Arasan----Raja -king: Arasani-----Rani -Queen]. Apart from the terms Alli Arasanai or Alli Rani and Alli Rajeum[ Sanskrit word- Arasu is the Tamil word for rajeium ], the Tamils use the term Sandi Rani when a female is troublesome, quarrelsome and disobedient!. Why? The root word for sandi is from Sandai [fight] which means war. “Sandaiyikku poraen” means “going to fight with someone” . The term “ Sandaikku Rani “ means warrior queens or fighting queens! The term is the original word of the corrupted Meroitic word Kandake Queens of Ancient Nubian Kingdoms. We can read the Tamil forms of the Kandake queens or the Sandai Rani kal [plural] [written on the left side of the notes] and one can note that these names are proper names of the children of Tamils even now. Ex: Ammani Rani, Ammani Kabali and Lalitha Mani etc. Hence the Queen Alli Arasnai was the representative figure of the Sandaiku[Kandake ] Rani kal of Nubian queens in the land of Srilanka. The Tamil word “Sandai” meaning war or fight is about 20345 years old. The Tamil word Sandaikku and the Nubian word Kandake show the cultural unity of the ancient Dravidians of Tamil Nadu and Nubians . It seems that the Alli Arasanai Athiyaman Neduman,. Marran [ Ma Aran] and Korran of Velir chieftains were the Nagas of Tamil Nadu and Srilanka [Sri linga].
1. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ kudiramalai