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Odysseus the Tamil Aathi Sesan

Odysseus, the Tamil   Aathi  Sesan.

                                   [ Etymology of  Geek names]


Odysseus   Greek:   ?d?sse??,  [odys'sews] ), also known by the Roman name   Ulysses   Latin: Ulysses ,   Ulixes ), was a legendary   Greek   king of   Ithaca   and a hero of   Homer's   epic poem   the   Odyssey .                                                                 [   [www. Wikipedia/org/wiki/Odysseus].



                     Olysseus  ,  Oulixeus  ,  Oulixes   and he was known as  Ulysses  in Latinor  Ulixes  in Roman mythology.                          The etymology of the name is contested. Many scholars say the name  Odysseus  derives from the verb  odussomai  meaning "to be wroth against" or "hate", suggesting that the name could be rendered as "the one who is wrathful/hated". Homer in references and puns relates it to various forms of this verb. It has been also suggested that the name is of non-Greek origin, probably not even Indo-European, with an unknown etymology.    

              Odysseus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Aathi  Sesan.    Athi sesan means  the primordial  snake[ sesan] god,  lord Siva or Visnu .   Since the Aathi sesan is the sea  dweller  , Odysseus was destined to wander  over  the Mediterranean  sea  for more than 10 years.  The period of 10 years signifies the 10 lunar months during which  he was in the sea [ amniotic fluid]   before landing [ getting delivered] safely to Ithaca  , the  Aathi Akam, his original house. Olysseus  is the corrupted form of the Tamil name, Oli  Sesan. Oli in Tamil means the light  or the star.



                 In Book 19 of the  Odyssey , where Odysseus's early childhood is recounted,  Euryclea  asks  Autolycus  to name him. Euryclea tries to guide him to naming the boy  Polyaretos , "for he has  much  been  prayed for ".  Autolycus "apparently in a sardonic mood ... decided to give the child a name that would commemorate his own experience in life. 'Because I got odium upon myself before coming here ... from many ... let the child's name be Odysseus to signify this.' The pun was prophetic as well as commemorative."   Odysseus often receives the  patronymic  epithet  Laertiades   "son of Laërtes".


                                      Euryclea is the corrupted form of the Tamil name                  Arivukkalaiyal.  Autolycus  is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Aathi / Athee  Alagan. Polyaretos  is the corrupted form of the Tamil name  B/pala  Ari das[ Ari dasan].  Odiyam is the  corrupted form of the Tamil name  Aathiyan [ the ancestor] .  Laertiades  is the corrupted form of the Tamil name  La-- Eri  Thee  Athan or Aten   or Aathiyan  . 




                                Relatively little is known of Odysseus's background other than that his paternal grandfather (or step-grandfather) is    Arcesius, son of   Cephalus   and grandson of   Aeolus, whilst his maternal grandfather is the thief   Autolycus, son of   Hermes   and   Chione. According to the   Iliad   and   Odyssey , his father is   Laertes    and his mother   Anticlea, although there was a non-Homeric tradition     that   Sisyphus   was his true father. The rumor went that Laertes bought Odysseus from the conniving king.   However, his true lineage is always brought out in plays by the end. Odysseus is said to have a younger sister,   Ctimene, who went to   Same   to be married and is mentioned by the swineherd Eumaeus, whom she grew up alongside, in Book 15 of the   Odyssey .


                                  The name  ,  Arcesius,  paternal grandfather of Odysseus,   is the corrupted form of the Tamil name  Ari [ Orai]  Sesan. Cephalus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name  Capalan or  Kabalan.  Aeolus is the Tamil name  Oyilan. Hermes is the corrupted form of the Tamil name  Aramaan  and Chione  is the Tamil  Kayani [ male form is Kayan]. Odysseus'  mother's  name  Anticlea   is the Tamil    Anthi kalaiyal [ the girl of  the evening time-- the moon ]   or Aathi  Kalaiyal [ primordial   deity of   science]  or  Athi kalaiyal[   the early morning  girl-- the vidi Velli or the morning star]. Sisphyus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Sesa  [a]ppan. Sesan means snake and  Appan means the lord, Siva.   Hence in all probabilities, Sisphyus    could be  the original father of odysseus  .  Odysseus's  younger sister  Ctimene  is the corrupted form of the Tamil  Sothi mani[ Jothi mani-Sanskrit]. Swine herd  Eumaeus  is the corrupted form of the Tamil name  Emaiyan. Emaiyan  means the mountain    lord  of the Himmalayam[ Emaiyam] , lord Siva   while the word ‘ emai  ‘ in Tamil also  means the eyelids.



Before Trojan war;

                             When Helen was abducted, Menelaus called upon the other suitors to honor their oaths and help him to retrieve her, an attempt that would lead to the   Trojan War. Odysseus tried to avoid it by feigning lunacy, as an oracle had prophesied a long-delayed return home for him if he went. He hooked a donkey and an ox to his plough (as they have different stride lengths, hindering the efficiency of the plough) and  started   sowing his fields with salt.   Palamedes, at the behest of Menelaus's brother   Agamemnon, sought to disprove Odysseus's madness, and placed   Telemachus, Odysseus's infant son, in front of the plough. Odysseus veered the plough away from his son, thus exposing his stratagem .  Odysseus held a grudge against Palamedes during the war for dragging him away from his home.


                  Helen is the corrupted form of the Tamil name  Kalan [ lord Siva - Kali] Menelaus   is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Mani Alagan. Palamedes is the corrupted form of the Tamil name B/pala  Mathiyon  and Tele Machaus  is the corrupted form of the tamil name Thalai Magan [ eldest son -- first born ].  Agamemnon  is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Athee  Maa  Ammaan   [ primordial  and the great  fire god -  star  the  maniyan].



                                        Odysseus and other envoys of Agamemnon then traveled to   Scyros   to recruit   Achilles   because of a prophecy that Troy could not be taken without him. By most accounts,   Thetis, Achilles' mother, disguised the youth as a woman to hide him from the recruiters because an   oracle   had predicted that Achilles would either live a long, uneventful life or achieve everlasting glory while dying young. Odysseus cleverly discovered which among the women before him was Achilles, when the youth was the only one of them showing interest to examine the weapons hidden among an array of adornment gifts for the daughters of their host. Odysseus arranged then further for the sounding of a battle horn, which prompted Achilles to clutch a weapon and show his trained disposition; with his disguise foiled, he was exposed and joined Agamemnon's call to arms among the   Hellenes.



                Scyros  is the corrupted form of the Tamil name  Saeran  or ceran.  Ceran is one of the three rulers of ancient Thamilakam. Achilles  is the corrupted form of the Tamil name  Akilan . the ruler of the cosmos. Achilles mother's name  Thetis is the corrupted form of the Tamil name  Theetu  or Theethe.




                              Odysseus was one of the most influential Greek champions during the Trojan War. Along with Nestor and Idomeneus he was one of the most trusted counsellors and advisers. He always championed the Achaean cause, especially when the king was in question, as in one instance when   Thersites   spoke against him. When Agamemnon, to test the morale of the Achaeans, announced his intentions to depart Troy, Odysseus restored order to the Greek camp.   Later on, after many of the heroes had left the battlefield due to injuries (including Odysseus and Agamemnon), Odysseus once again persuaded Agamemnon not to withdraw. Along with two other envoys, he was chosen in the failed embassy to try to persuade Achilles to return to combat. 


                       Ne[s]tor is the corrupted form of the Tmil name Nathan  and Idomeneus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Aathi maniyan. Achaean is the Tamil  name Aakiyon  [ the creator].   Therisites is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Thiru sithan.



              When   Hector   proposed a single combat duel, Odysseus was one of the   Danaans   who reluctantly volunteered to battle him. Telamonian Ajax, however, was the volunteer who eventually did fight Hector. Odysseus aided Diomedes during the successful night operations in order to kill   Rhesus, because it had been foretold that if his horses drank from the   Scamander   river Troy could not be taken. After Patroclus had been slain, it was Odysseus who counselled Achilles to let the   Achaean   men eat and rest rather than follow his rage-driven desire to go back on the offensive—and kill Trojans—immediately. Eventually (and reluctantly), he consented.



                          Hector is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Aathan.  Danaan  means Thenan or  Denan[ Lord Siva]  in Tamil. Thelemonian  is rthre corrupted form of the Tamil name Thalai  maniyan  Aasan.  Thalai maniyan means, the   head among the stars  [ here the fighters]. Aasam means the teacher. Diomedes is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Thee[ fire] Matheeyan  who could help in night operations. Rhesus  is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Raasan [ King].    Patroclus   is the corrupted form of the Tamil name P/Bathra kalan , lord Siva.  [S]camander river is the corrupted form of the Tamil name  Ka Ma anda orai . The word  Kamandalam   which means   water [container]  is the combination Ka+ ma+ anda+ la +om.




                             Kamandalu   or   kamandal   or   kamandalam   is an oblong water pot made of a dry   gourd   (pumpkin) or coconut   shell, metal, wood of the Kamandalataru tree    or from clay, usually with a handle and sometimes with a spout.   Hindu   ascetics or   yogis   often use it for storing drinking water.   The water-filled kamandalu, which is invariably carried by ascetics, is stated to represent a simple and self-contained life.

                               The kamandalu also used in   Hindu iconography, in depiction of deities related with   asceticism   or water.

                             The mythical   Sarasvati river   traces her creation legends to the creator-god   Brahma's kamandalu. The river Ganges is also believed to flow through Brahma's kamandalu.   One legend about the Ganges' birth says Brahma washed the big toe of the foot of Vamana and collected the water in his kamandalu, which turns into the river Ganges.



                                Together with Diomedes, Odysseus went to fetch Achilles' son,   Pyrrhus, to come to the aid of the Achaeans, because an oracle had stated that Troy could not be taken without him. A great warrior, Pyrrhus was also called Neoptolemus (Greek: " new warrior "). Upon the success of the mission, Odysseus gave Achilles' armor to him.



                                   It was later learned that the war could not be won without the poisonous arrows of   Heracles, which were owned by the abandoned   Philoctetes. Odysseus and Diomedes (or, according to some accounts, Odysseus and   Neoptolemus    went out to retrieve them. Upon their arrival, Philoctetes (still suffering from the wound) was seen still to be enraged at the   Danaans, especially Odysseus, for abandoning him. Although his first instinct was to shoot Odysseus, his anger was eventually diffused by Odysseus's persuasive powers and the influence of the gods. Odysseus returned to the Argive camp with Philoctetes and his arrows.



                               Odysseus and Diomedes would later steal the   Palladium   that lay within Troy's walls, for the Greeks were told they could not sack the city without it. Some late Roman sources indicate that Odysseus schemed to kill his partner on the way back, but Diomedes thwarted this attempt.


                              Perhaps Odysseus' most famous contribution to the Greek war effort was devising the strategem of the   Trojan Horse, which allowed the Greek army to sneak into Troy under cover of darkness. It was built by   Epeius   and filled with Greek warriors, led by Odysseus.


                      Philopcetes is the corrupted form of the Tamil name  Bala[ appa]  Sithan.  Neoptolemus is the Tamil Nava Aathi Ozhi maan. Pallidium is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Bala Theeyon. Ephius is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Abaiyan.


                                                   Chapter  2                                 

                                                   Odyssy  [ wiki/Odysseus]

Odysseus is probably best known as the eponymous hero of the  Odyssey . This epic describes his travails as he tries to return home after the Trojan War and reassert his place as rightful king of Ithaca, which lasted for 10 years.


                          On the way home from Troy, after a raid on  Ismaros  in the land of the  Cicones , he and his twelve ships were driven off course by storms. They visited the lethargic  Lotus-Eaters  and were captured by the  Cyclops   Polyphemus , while visiting his island. Polyphemus was eating his men, and Odysseus took a barrel of wine and the Cyclops drank it, falling asleep. Odysseus and his men took a wooden stake, igniting it with the remaining wine, and burned his eye, blinding him. While they were escaping, however, Odysseus foolishly told Polyphemus his identity, and Polyphemus told his father, Poseidon, who had blinded him. They stayed with  Aeolus , the master of the winds; he gave Odysseus a leather bag containing all the winds, except the west wind, a gift that should have ensured a safe return home. However, the sailors foolishly opened the bag while Odysseus slept, thinking that it contained gold. All of the winds flew out and the resulting storm drove the ships back the way they had come, just as Ithaca came into sight.


                          After pleading in vain with Aeolus to help them again, they re-embarked and encountered the   cannibalistic  Laestrygones . Odysseus' ship was the only one to escape. He sailed on and visited the witch-goddess  Circe . She turned half of his men into swine after feeding them cheese and wine. Hermes warned Odysseus about Circe and gave Odysseus a drug called  moly , a resistance to Circe's magic. Circe, being attracted to Odysseus' resistance, fell in love with him and released his men. Odysseus and his crew remained with her on the island for one year, while they feasted and drank. Finally, Odysseus' men convinced Odysseus that it was time to leave for Ithaca.


                            Guided by Circe's instructions, Odysseus and his crew crossed the ocean and reached a harbor at the western edge of the world, where Odysseus sacrificed to the dead and  summoned the spirit  of the old prophet  Tiresias  to advise him. Next Odysseus met the spirit of his own mother, who had died of grief during his long absence; from her, he learned for the first time news of his own household, threatened by the greed   of  Penelope 's suitors. Returning to Circe's island, they were advised by her on the remaining stages of the journey. They skirted the land of the  Sirens , passed between the six-headed monster  Scylla  and the whirlpool  Charybdis , where they rowed directly between the two. However,  Scylla  dragged the boat towards her by grabbing the oars and ate six men. They landed on the island of  Thrinacia . There, Odysseus' men ignored the warnings of Tiresias and Circe and hunted down the sacred cattle of the sun god  Helios . This sacrilege was punished by a shipwreck in which all but Odysseus drowned. He was washed ashore on the island of  Calypso , where she compelled him to remain as her lover for 7 years before he finally escaped.


                      Odysseus finally escapes and is shipwrecked and befriended by the  Phaeacians . After telling them his story, the Phaeacians led byKing  Alcinous  agree to help Odysseus get home. They deliver him at night, while he is fast asleep, to a hidden harbor on Ithaca. He finds his way to the hut of one of his own former slaves, the swineherd  Eumaeus , and also meets up with  T elemachus  returning from Sparta. Athena disguises Odysseus as a wandering beggar in order to learn how things stand in his household.


                            When the disguised Odysseus returns, Penelope announces in her long interview with the disguised hero that whoever can string Odysseus's rigid bow and shoot an arrow through twelve axe shafts may have her hand. "For the plot of the  Odyssey , of course, her decision is the turning point, the move that makes possible the long-predicted triumph of the returning hero". Odysseus' identity is discovered by the housekeeper,  Eurycleia , as she is washing his feet and discovers an old scar Odysseus received during a boar hunt. Odysseus swears her to secrecy, threatening to kill her if she tells anyone.


                                            When the contest of the bow begins, none of the suitors is able to string the bow, but Odysseus does, and wins the contest. Having done so, he proceeds to slaughter the suitors—beginning with Antinous whom he finds drinking from Odysseus' cup—with help from Telemachus, Athena and two servants,  Eumaeus  the  swineherd  and  Philoetius  the  cowherd . Odysseus tells the serving women who slept with the suitors to clean up the mess of corpses and then has those women hanged in terror. He tells Telemachus that he will replenish his stocks by raiding nearby islands. Odysseus has now revealed himself in all his glory (with a little makeover by Athena); yet Penelope cannot believe that her husband has really returned—she fears that it is perhaps some god in disguise, as in the story of  Alcmene —and tests him by ordering her servant  Euryclea  to move the bed in their wedding-chamber. Odysseus protests that this cannot be done since he made the bed himself and knows that one of its legs is a living  olive tree . Penelope finally accepts that he truly is her husband, a moment that highlights their  homophrosýne  (like-mindedness).


                                 The next day Odysseus and Telemachus visit the country farm of his old   father  Laertes . The citizens of Ithaca follow Odysseus on the road, planning to avenge the killing of the Suitors, their sons. The goddess Athena intervenes and persuades both sides to make peace.             


                                                   [Is]maros , the city of  Cicones is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Maran . The lotus eaters were the people who believed in the philosophy behind the   symbolism of   Lotus flower. Lotus flower represents fertility [Dravidian belief], rebirth [Egyptian /Christian philosophy] and   wisdom [the philosophy of Buddhism - Maha yanam].  It seems that the lotus eaters were practicing yoga- like    practices in lotus postures [Asanas] with indifference to the material world.  The lotus was considered as a religious symbol   even among the ancient pre Hellenistic Greeks.    

                                                      Cyclopes is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Se[n] Kolappan.  The word' Kole' in Tamil means the staff [ Olive wood club] looped pine tree ] ,  Polyphemus was carrying. Polyphemus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Bala Be[e]maan. Here the word ‘Bala' means not only ‘youthful' but also' powerful' which makes him a Giant. The round eye over his forehead represents the sun god lord Siva. The staff which was red [hence called as sen -kole] in color signifies the sun ray. Bala Be[e]man  who was a strong sun god worshipper was made blind when his eye was  injured  by Odysseus with the staff ,red sun ray .Aeolus is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Oyilan.  

                                                       Circe is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Sarasa, the goddess of fertility - wisdom.  Sarasam  in Tamil means foreplay  related to sexual act. Hence Circe, would have  enchanted the men not only  with her foreplay  but also  by  providing cheese and wine which  symbolically  signify the  female fluids. Since she was a goddess of fertility she made men in to pigs and swans. Pigs and swans are symbols of fertility.

                                               The name of the old Prophet, Tiresias is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Thiru seyon or Thirai Seyon , the sun god.

                                              Sirens are the corrupted form of the Tamil word Saran or Saranam.  The word Sara is the combination Sara = Sa+ Ra  [ the union  of  moon and the sun].  Anu saranai in Tamil means, the string of the lute or the   veena or the harp.  Saranam means ‘to surrender' [to the lord] when in crisis, or about to die. Saranam also    means the stanza of the song in Indian music, which is the one of the three parts of the body of the musical   composition of a song. The other two, are the Pallavi and Anu pallavi. These meanings pertaining to the word saran indicate that the heavy sea winds  were blowing  and making the sound  like that of a sea  goddess[ could be sea snake  -- Sarai , a kind of rat snake , can be seen  in   waters / or the land near the  waters ]   playing  the harp [ sararnam-- Siren]  and  if Odysseus and his crew  got  surrendered  to that mesmerizing [ The snake  sarai   longing to unite with the Cobra ]  tunes then it might lead to  their ships hitting on the rocks  and thereby leading shipwreck.'


                Helios is the corrupted form of the Tamil name Ozhiyan., the sun god.   The' sacred cattle ‘ signify that Helios was a Bull god, lord Siva.


                                                        As   Eurycleia   found   odysseus'  identity , she was called as  Arivu [ ku]    Kalaiyal  [  a  woman  with knowledge] .    The end story of   Odysseus, Shooting   the arrows with his rigid bow to prove his identity   is very similar to that of Ramayana where King Raman did the same to marry  Seetha or Sita.  Sita ‘s abduction  to Srilanka  is similar to that of  Helen's abduction  to  Troy. The war against   Ravanan  was done by Raman  by crossing the Indian ocean and  in  Trojan war , it was done by crossing  the Mediterranean sea.   Shooting the arrows cleverly by Odysseus indicates that he is not only a Snake god [fertility symbol] -- Sesan in the sea  but also a Sun god  [ power/knowledge  symbol]  -- Aathee [  bow and arrow  -- symbol of sun god ]  in the land of  Ithaca .That could be the reason Odysseus could  escape from the Cyclopes and  Helios [ sun god worshippers ] , Scylla[ Sheela]   and  the  Sirens  and could  get  support of  Circe [  sarasa]  the  symbol of   fertility .  The ten years of wandering in the sea by Odysseus signifies 10 lunar months of Pregnancy. The placenta is the female snake in the amniotic fluid.  The bed of   Odysseus with one of its end  made by the real   olive tree  is  equivalent to that of  Siva  under the  Aala  maram [ the Banyan tree] ,  who  is  called as  ‘Aalamar selvan'! In essence   Odysseus   has both the   characters of Siva and   Vishnu of Hindu mythology.  If so which is the original one?!  

                                             When the Dravidians stories of ancient Greek   was plagiarized by Vedic Brahmins, they failed to understand the true philosophy behind lord Siva  .   Hence the   Brahaminsed , Dravidian king Raman was attributed with  only  Siva' [ male] aspects and  Ravanan had  both aspects of male[kalan] and female[ Kali] .  Ravanan's 10 heads symbolize the ten lunar months of Pregnancy.  That was the reason   the Brahaminised Raman could not attempt   for  a sea voyage to reach  Srilanka  and the  event of  setting of fire  to  Srilanka  by  Hanuman   signifies  the  sun aspects of  Raman. The famous wordings of the Tamil   poet   Kambar in his  Kamba Rayanam,  while   detailing   the end stage of   war  was  that  ,  “ let you go to day and  return tomorrow”!   These words were told by   Raman to  Ravanan.  As per the story.   But then, It could not be because the Brahaminised Raman had only the attributes of  the sun god.  Alternatively, we can assume that   the  war was won by  Dravidian king  Ravanan [ lord -Siva    Aravaanan] and  he  only  should have  told  Raman  to  Come , the  next day  as Raman being the sun .  The victor could be   only   The King Ravanan as he had abducted Sita with   different intentions.  The Dravidian king Raman was adored by the Brahmins since Raman's interest to get married to Sita, a child.  Raman's Cittappan Ravanan was   against that child marriage [he is the god of fertility also ] and  against inter breeding   between Dravidian and Aryan  people. 









Here is the chronological order of the places that Odysseus visited on his journey home.

1. Odysseus and his fleet leave Troy.

2. Odysseus and his crew land on Ismarus/Ismara on the coast of Thrace, where they sack the city. They engage in battle with the Ciconians. Many men are lost (six men from each ship).

3. They arrive on the island of the Lotus-Eaters.

4. Their next stop: the land of the cyclopes. Odysseus meets the cyclops, Polyphemus, who ate two of Odysseus' men each day, until they were able to escape.

5. Odysseus and his crew land on the Aeolian island of Aeolus, the "Keeper of the Winds". Before leaving the island, Aeolus gives Odysseus a bag that had trapped all the winds (save the wind to lead Odysseus home) and warned Odysseus not to open the bag. The bag was opened, releasing all the winds, just as Odysseus and his crew had sailed within sight of Ithaca. They were swept back to Aeolia by the violent winds.

6. Odysseus and his crew return to Aeolia a second time, but are not welcomed with the hospitality that Aeolus had previously shown them.

7. They resume their voyage to Ithaca from Aeolia, eventually coming to the city of Telepylus/Telepylos, home of the Laestrygonians. Odysseus loses all of his fleet and men, except his own ship and those men on his ship.

8. Odysseus and his surviving crew arrive on the island of Aeaea, home of Circe. Odysseus stays with Circe for a year. He leaves Aeaea, with Circe advising Odysseus it is essential that he visit Hades to talk to the prophet Tiresias before resuming his trip home.  

9. Odysseus and his men journey to the Underworld, coming to the River Acheron. Odysseus speaks with Tiresias, and Tiresias cautions Odysseus on Helios' cattle and warns him about Scylla and Charybdis.

10. Odysseus and his crew return to Aeaea, to bury one of his shipmates (who had died in Aeaea). Circe warns him of the dangers of the Sirens, and Scylla and Charybdis.

11. Odysseus and his crew manage to sail safely pass the Sirens without any losses.

12. They sail into the Strait of Messina where Scylla and Charybdis reside. Odysseus chooses to sail close to Scylla rather than the whirlpool of Charybdis, and loses six men (one for each of Scylla's six heads).

13. Odysseus and his crew land on Thrinacia, home of Helios' sacred cattle. Though Odysseus had warned his crew not to eat Helios' cattle, they ended up eating some of the cattle while he was away. Helios was angered and asked Zeus to punish those who had eaten his cattle. Zeus brought about a great storm, completely destroying Odysseus' ship and killing all his men.

14. Odysseus, clinging to a piece of his destroyed vessel, was washed away at sea. He is swept past Scylla and Charybdis, again, and again manages to pass by safely.

15. Odysseus washes ashore on the island Ogygia, home to Calypso. Odysseus stays with her for seven years.

16. After staying with Calypso for seven years, Odysseus built a boat and set sail once more. Poseidon, seeing Odysseus at sea, brings a violent storm down on Odysseus and his ship is destroyed. Odysseus washes up on the shore of Scheria, kingdom of Alcinous, king of the Phaeacians. King Alcinous, Queen Arete and their daughter Nausicaa are extremely hospitable to Odysseus; providing him with clothing, food and entertainment. King Alcinous offers Odysseus one of his ships so that Odysseus can finally return to his homeland and family.

17. After twenty long and hard years, Odysseus returns at last to Ithaca.

* Many people forget that Odysseus visited Aeolia twice, stopped twice at Aeaea (before and after visiting the Underworld) and traveled by Scylla and Charybdis twice (before and after landing Thrinacia).

1.Troy: After the victory at Troy, Odysseus and his men begin their journey home from here.

2.The Island of the Cicones: After leaving Troy, they stop to raid this island for supplies. The Cicones attack on horseback, and Odysseus lost 72 of his men.

3.The Island of the Lotus Eaters: Odysseus sends his men out to search for food, and has to recover them when they eat the Lotus Flower.

4.The Island of the Cyclopes: Here, Odysseus and his men find a Cyclops' cave, lured by his cheese and wine. The cyclops, Polyphemus, traps them inside the cave. Odysseus and his men blind the cyclops, and then sneak out under his heard of sheep.

5.The Island of Aeolus: Aeolus, the god of the winds, gives Odysseus all of the bad winds, so he can safely sail home. Odysseus' men go against his orders and open the bag, and all of the winds escape.

6.The Island of the Laestrygonians: The Laestrygonians, a race of cannibals, eat the Greeks. Only the men on Odysseus' ship and himself survive.

7.Circe's Island: Circe turns Odysseus' men to swine, but Odysseus is protected from her magic with the help of Hermes, who gave him a magical herb called Moly. Odysseus ends up staying there for what seems like a short time, but ended up being a couple years. Before Odysseus departs, Circe finally tells him that he needs to find the blind prophet Teiresias in the Underworld.

8.The Underworld: Odysseus consults the prophet Teiresias to ask how he can get home, and finds his mother there, who has committed suicide in depression.

9.The Island of the Sirens: Odysseus and his men pass here, an island with women singing their luring songs, trying to reel in sailors. So they do not hear, Odysseus fills his mens ears with beeswax, and he has them tie him to the mast.

10.Scylla and Charybdis: Odysseus chooses to sail for Scylla, a six-headed sea serpent, rather than Charybdis, a giant whirlpool. He did this because he knew that if he went to Charybdis, the whole ship would be destroyed. However, if he went towards Scylla, six men would die. A sacrifice the brave Odysseus decided to make.

11.The Island of Helios: They stop here, and Odysseus falls asleep praying to Athena. While sleeping, his men once again go against his orders and eat Helios' cattle. This outrages the god, and he threatens never to rise again. As a punishment, Zeus throws a bolt of lightning at the ship, and turns it to splinters. Only Odysseus survives.

12.Ogygia (Calypso's Island): Odysseus finds this island after drifting in the sea. It is a island of women, with a nymph named Calypso, with whom Odysseus has a seven-year affair with. After the seven years, Hermes convinces Calypso to let Odysseus build a new ship so he could sail home.

13.The Island of the Phaecians: The Phaecians accept Odysseus, and he explains his ten-year journey to them during a feast. They happily give him a ride home on one of their magical ships.

14.Ithaca: Odysseus finally arrives home, and sees his son, Telemachus, for the first time in 15 years. He and Telemachus kill all of the suitors, and Odysseus takes his place as king, once again, alongside his wife Penelope.
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